By Angus Konstam
Seventh U-Boat Flotilla. Donitz's Atlantic Wolves КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Ian AllanСерия: Spearhead 07Язык: английскийФормат: PDFРазмер: 34.91 Мб ifolder.ru eighty five
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Extra info for 7th U-Boat Flotilla. Donitz's Atlantic Wolves
ObltzS GUnter Gretschel Operational patrols: 3 Allied vessels sunk: 2 Fate: Sunk on 9 November 1943 (no survivors) 49 SPEA RHEAD: 7TH U-BOAT FLOTILLA Reinforcements, January & February 1943 U-266 (Type VIIC) Builder: BremerVulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen Commissioned: 24 June 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 January 1943 Commander: Ob/tzS Hannes Leinemann Operational patrols: 2 Allied vessels sunk: 4 Fate: Sunk on 15 May 1943 (no survivors) U-300 (Type VIIC) Builder: Flender-Werke, Lubeck Commissioned: 7 July 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 January 1943 Commander: ObltzS Karl-Franz Heine Operational patrols: 2 Allied vessels sunk: 1 Fate: Transferred to 11th Flotilla on 1 October 1944; sunk on 22 February 1945 (41 survivors) U-3D3 (Type VIIC) Builder: Flender-Werke, Lubeck Commissioned: 7 July 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 January 1943 Commander: ObltzS Karl-Franz Heine Operational patrols: 2 Allied vessels sunk: 1 Fate: Transferred to 29th Flotilla on 1 April 1943; sunk on 21 May 1943 (28 survivors) U-265 (Type VIIO Builder: BremerVulkan-VegesackerWerft, Bremen Commissioned: 6 June 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 February 1943 Commander: ObltzS Leonhardt Auffhammer Operational patrols: 1 Allied vessels sunk: 0 Fate: Sunk on 3 February 1943 (no survivors) U-267 (Type VIIC) Builder: BremerVulkan-VegesackerWerft, Bremen Commissioned: 11 June 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 February 1943 First commander: ObltzS Otto TInschert Subsequent commander: July 1944: ObltzS Bernhardt Kneiper Operational patrols: 7 Allied vessels sunk: 0 Fate: Transferred to 33th FJotilla on 13 October 1944; scuttled on 4 May 1945 U-358 (Type VIIC) Builder: Flensburger Schiffsbau, Flensburg Commissioned: 15 August 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 February 1943 Commander: ObltzS Rolf Manke Operational patrols;- 6 Allied vessels sunk: 5 Fate: Sunk on 1 March 1944 (l survivor) U-448 (Type VIIC) Builder: F.
While this sounded good, in fact Germany was losing the race. Allied shipbuilding capacity meant that the U-boats were finding it increasingly difficult to maintain the pressure on Britain. This second 'HappyTime' where individual ships were sunk in large numbers came to an end in mid-1942, when the Americans instituted well-defended coastal convoys. From that point on, the campaign would be fought in the mid-Atlantic. D6nitz resumed his Rudeltaktik ('pack attack') as a stream of new boats entered service.
As no more than a third of these were likely to be on patrol at anyone time, it was hardly surprising that few successes were achieved. D6nitz was forced to bow to the inevitable. In March 1944 he abandoned Rudeltaktik for the second and last time. The Kriegsmarine was defeated because it lost its technological lead, and German shipyards proved unable to match the losses inflicted by the Allies, and to introduce new and improved boats in time to alter the course of the campaign. D6nitz had lost the Battle of the Atlantic.