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By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council

The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was once created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology study and improvement (R&D) actions being funded via numerous federal organizations. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those study actions that allows you to speed up in charge improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for fiscal profit and nationwide protection. To take inventory of the growth of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology examine and improvement Act, directed the nationwide examine Council to hold out a assessment of this system each 3 years. This document provides the result of the 1st of these experiences, which addresses the industrial influence of nanotechnology advancements and gives a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken by means of overseas rivals. moreover, the file deals an evaluation of the present prestige of dependable improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.

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During the course of the present NRC study the Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative gave considerable thought to the effectiveness of the current NNI management and advisory structures outlined above. ” Federal Support for NNI R&D Eleven NNI-participating agencies currently report investments in nanotechnology. They are the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Justice (DOJ), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute of Standards and Technology Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

The NNIN was started in 2004, with more than $28 million allocated for the 5-year effort. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 34 A M at t e r of Size The NSF’s Network for Computational Nanotechnology, started in 2002, includes seven universities that together support computational research, as well as education and modeling and simulation tools that can be accessed via the Web. Announced in October 2005, the NSF’s Nanoscale Informal Science ­Education Network award will support a national network of science museums, providing informal educational activities for schoolchildren as well as adults.

A comprehensive study would require a thorough assessment of research programs across the 11 NNI-participating agencies, involving tremendously diverse fields spanning the physical and biomedical sciences. These difficulties notwithstanding, the committee did make some broad measurements of the value of the scientific endeavor under the NNI in its benchmarking assessment as reported in ­ Chapter 2—for instance, by analyzing data on papers published and patents awarded. 10 The strong consensus at that workshop, in the interviews held as part of this study with representatives of private industry, and in other ­materials submitted to the committee was that NNI-related R&D is world-class and in many instances world-leading, and that it is making invaluable contributions to the advancement of knowledge and innovation in the United States.

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