By Alan W. Cafruny
Arguing convincingly that mainstream concept lacks the instruments to appropriately clarify eu integration, this hard booklet attracts upon serious political financial concept to enhance a extra entire and constant research of the strategies of integration. even if no longer claiming that states have ceded their position as _masters of the treaties,_ the members improve leading edge case reports of nationwide and transnational tactics to demonstrate the salience of trans-European enterprise networks and the primacy of neoliberalism as critical organizing recommendations of the post-Maastricht ecu venture.
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Extra info for A Ruined Fortress?: Neoliberal Hegemony and Transformation in Europe
In such atomistic models of social action, there are only self-maximizing individuals, and any (social) outcome can be reduced to (the sum 00 these individuals’ rational actions. , as constituted presocially). Constructivism seeks to propose a metatheoretical alternative to this rationalism underlying mainstream studies of international relations and the EU. As individualism holds that all properties of social systems can be reduced to the attributes of individual agents, individualistic social theory has no concept of society or of “the social” as anything other than the aggregate of individual actions.
From this vantage point, we can identify the fundamental epistemological and methodological distinction between critical transnational historical materialism 34 Busriaan van Apeldoom, Henk Ouerbeek, and Magnw Rynner and the mainstream theories. The latter, as argued earlier in this chapter, adopt the positivist method, intended as it is to reveal invariant causal relations, in order to support a certain transhistorical claim about human nature and its inner rationality. The former adopts a highly skeptical approach to the existence of an a priori human nature.
88Gramsci was concerned with rethinking political strategy in light of the very different experiences of the Russian and the West European revolutions of 1917-1919. , civil society, hegemony, historic bloc, organic intellectuals, passive revolution, trasformismo, war of movement, and war of position). Gramsci argued that in the West, the political power of the ruling class does not rest (exclusively or primarily) on the control of the coercive apparatus of the state, but is diffused and situated in the myriad of institutions and relationships in civil society.