By Alvin I. Goldman
This e-book articulates an unique scheme for the conceptualization of motion. starting with a brand new method of the individuation of acts, it delineates the relationships among easy and non-basic acts and makes use of those relationships within the definition of skill and intentional motion. the writer indicates the crucial position of wishes and ideology within the causation of acts and within the research of the idea that of action.
Professor Goldman indicates solutions to basic questions about acts, and develops a collection of rules and rules that may be utilized in the philosophy of brain, the philosophy of language, ethics, and different fields, together with the behavioral sciences.
Originally released in 1977.
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Extra info for A Theory of Human Action
Still another objection to the identification of pairs of acts involving augmentation is this. h. h. , (2) 5"s driving, and (3) 5"s driving to his mother-in-law's house. If we say that pairs of acts involving augmentation are identical, then (1) = (2), (2) = (3), and by the transitivity of identity, (1) = (3). But act (1) is clearly a violation of the law, whereas act (3) clearly is not a violation of the law. Another possible way of dealing with pairs of acts involving augmentation is to say that the more inclusive act generates the less inclusive act (rather than vice versa).
5"s flipping the switch is notpart ofS's turning on the light; and 5"s extending his arm out the window is notpart ofS's signaling for a turn. It would be a mistake to think that S"s signaling for a turn is made up of parts including (a) his extending his arm out the car window, (b) the circumstance that he was driving at that time, and (c) the rule that extending one's arm out the car window while driving counts as signaling for a turn. It makes no sense to say that the rule, for example, is part of the act of signaling.
And in the third example 5"s act of running is augmented by the specific speed at which he runs. A special case of augmentation generation occurs when the augmenting circumstance is a co-temporal act of the agent. Suppose, as in the fourth case shown above, that S shoots the basketball at the basket. While shooting, he is also jumping in the air. Now if we regard his jumping as a "circumstance" vis-d-vis his act of shooting, we can add this circumstance to the act of shooting and form the act of jump-shooting.