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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Committee on Advanced Energetic Materials and Manufacturing Technologies

Complex full of life fabrics - explosive fill and propellants - are a severe expertise for nationwide safety. whereas a number of new promising options and formulations have emerged in recent times, the dept of safety is anxious in regards to the nation's skill to keep up and enhance the data base during this quarter. to aid in addressing those matters, workplaces inside DOD requested the NRC to enquire and verify the scope and future health of the U.S. R&D efforts in full of life fabrics. This document offers that overview. It offers a number of findings in regards to the present R&D attempt and suggestions aimed toward bettering U.S. functions in constructing new full of life fabrics know-how. This learn reviewed U.S. study and improvement in complex energetics being performed by means of DoD, the DoE nationwide laboratories, industries, and academia, from a listing supplied via the sponsors. It additionally: reviewed papers and know-how exams of non-U.S. paintings in complicated energetics, assessed very important parameters, equivalent to validity, viability, and the possibility that every of those fabrics may be produced in volume; pointed out boundaries to scale-up and creation, and urged technical methods for addressing strength difficulties; and, prompt particular possibilities, ideas, and priorities for presidency sponsorship of applied sciences and production approach improvement.

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Baer, SNL. 2001. Presentation to the committee. December 13. J. Walton, CIA. 2001. Presentation to the committee. December 13. A. Kuhl, LLNL. 2001. Presentation to the committee. October 25. K. Kim, DTRA. 2001. Presentation to the committee. December 13. A. Kesby, UK DERA. 2001. Presentation to the committee. December 13. 16 TLFeBOOK THERMOBARIC EXPLOSIVES 17 While the Russian military identifies its weapons systems as thermobarics, the Russian scientific community refers to these materials as low-density explosives, or metallized volumetric explosives.

April 29. 1 When designed into munitions as part of the fragmentation component, reactive materials potentially have added benefit against soft targets, providing not only destruction similar to that achieved with inert fragments, but also energy release after penetration. The committee was briefed on aspects of this technology by investigators and program sponsors from ONR, the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC)-Dahlgren, NSWC-IH, Eglin Air Force Base, ARDEC, Aerojet, and ATK Thiokol Propulsion.

July 31. TLFeBOOK NANOMIXTURES AND NANOCOMPOSITES 27 side-by-side fundamental studies of the physical and chemical properties of the two types of materials. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Findings The major findings of the committee on the topic of nanomixtures and nanocomposites are as follows: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Research on nanotechnology and nanomaterials for military energetic material applications is essentially still in the discovery phase; The range of ideas presented to the committee regarding nanomixtures and nanocomposites was large in relation to the tangible successes and quantitative test results available to date; The practicality of these materials or processes remains to be determined; and Suppliers of nanomaterials have yet to attain reproducible product properties.

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