Download Allgemeine Theorie Der Menschlichen Haltung Und Bewegung Als by Frederik J.J. Buytendijk PDF

By Frederik J.J. Buytendijk

Durch eine Reihe iibersetzter Werke kennen wir F. J. J. BUYTENDlJK als Biologen, Phanomenologen und Philosophen, in dessen Schaffen sich die Fahig keit zu praziser examine und sicherer Wertung sachlicher Forschungsergebnisse mit einem klaren Blick fiir Unterschiede des Wesens vereinigt. Das vorliegende Werk iiber die menschliche Haltung und Bewegung stellt einen wichtigen Beitrag zur sog. Verhaltensforschung dar. Es gehort additionally zu den wissenschaftlichen Bestre bungen, die aus einem Bediirfnis nach Erganzung der klassischen Wissenschaften der Physiologie und Psychologie entstanden sind, weil dort das Lebewesen in seiner eigentlichen Wirklichkeitsstruktur nicht geniigend in den Blick kommt. u. a. Die konkreten Phanomene, vor die sich Arzte, Padagogen, Leibeserzieher gestellt finden, konnten nicht durch die einfache Vereinigung der Erkenntnisse jener heterogenen Wissensgebiete verstanden werden. Physiologie und Psycho logie vermitteln ja doch Einsichten aus derart diverse en Spharen, daJ3 eine Zusammenschau der Befunde kaum moglich ist. Die Physiologie analysiert die physikalischen und chemischen Vorgange eines iiberaus komplizierten stofflichen Substrates, die Strukturen, welche die Funktionen ermoglichen und bedingen, aber sie nicht begreifen lassen. Die Psychologie beschaftigt sich mit BewuJ3tseins inhalten, Erlebnissen, die den leiblichen Vorgangen vorausgehen oder sie begleiten, aus denen diese als lebendige Ereignisse aber nur wie ein Wunder hervorgehen konnen. Die Bewegung als sinn volle Verrichtung, als Aktion und Reaktion, Tat, Stellungnahme und Leistung, als Realisierung eines vitalen Bezuges, additionally als eigentliche Funktion ist jedoch nicht eigenstandiges Objekt dieser Wissenschaften.

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Additional resources for Allgemeine Theorie Der Menschlichen Haltung Und Bewegung Als Verbindung Und Gegenüberstellung Von Physiologischer Und Psychologischer Betrachtungsweise.

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Burn-out tends to accompany those with a high need for success. These individuals have a tendency to shoulder responsibilities themselves, and often believe that the only way to get things done properly is to do it themselves. They tend to take total responsibility for success (and failure) and thus carry enormous pressures and burdens. For professional coaches at the highest levels, in particular, where a job is dependent on on-going success, the tendency to burn out is particularly strong. The impact of burn-out on interpersonal relationships amongst players or between players and coaches tends to be one of alienation, so that coaches and athletes tend to become less concerned about others and more concerned about themselves.

It has been argued that in the wake of the Taylor Report, and the construction of new football stadia in England, ticket prices have been raised to such an extent that working-class supporters can no longer afford to enter the ground. Despite its exclusivity, sport has been successfully used by many athletes to break out of their own social class. Boxing has been one sport where athletes have been able to escape from the ghetto, and in the process achieve wealth. One would question however, whether a boxer such as Mike Tyson, who has undoubtedly become rich through his sport, has been able to break out of his class location into the elite ranks of class society, given his brushes with the law and his time spent in prison.

In Britain, the creation of an urbanised workforce, dependent on factory owners for employment, led to the emergence of the working class. Traders, some professionals and factory owners were grouped together as the middle class, while members of the old professions such as the law, the landed gentry and the social elite formed the upper class. The class system in Britain was, as Lowerson (1993) has demonstrated, central to the emergence of modern sport. The codification of sport was viewed as essential to the wider control of the leisure time and activities of the working classes.

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