By Gordon Smith
In Altered States, the authors supply sensible suggestions for more desirable governance and for strengthening and reforming the United international locations. They discover the dynamics of globalization and talk about what makes today’s globalization designated. They try out the existing knowledge approximately sovereignty and kingdom potential, and type out the humbug. they give thought to no matter if sovereignty itself is an obstacle or a demand to safety and prosperity. And, in 3 pressing parts ripe for development – fighting lethal clash, offering possibilities for the younger, and dealing with the various harms of weather swap – they improve plans of motion wherein states, with others within the worldwide group, can govern effectively sooner or later.
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Additional resources for Altered States: Globalization, Sovereignty and Governance
UNDP makes the reinforcing point that income buys access, and thus the chance for more income. Buying a computer would cost the average Bangladeshi more than 8 years' income, compared with 1 month's for an average American. Furthermore, there is a pernicious synergy to globalization that sooner or later seems to entangle every problem in every other problem. Resource scarcity drives poor people to over-use soils or forests, causing more poverty; ethnic conflict motivates migration, squeezing strangers together, disrupting economies, and igniting new conflict; malevolent government leads to violence, displacement, and poverty, and then (often) more malevolent government.
But the Internet so far has polarized the world in yet another inequality of haves and have-nots, the plugged-in and the unplugged. South Asia is home to 20 percent of the global population, but less than 1 percent of Internet users. Even with the new technologies, installation costs are significant where (as in much of rural Africa) telephone services are scarce. And, of course, Internet connections hardly benefit the illiterate and the innumerate. This is why policies for basic education, economic development, and communications regulation are all of a piece in the present age – and why governments must collaborate with NGOs, industry, and international organizations to share the gains of globalization.
What follows is our own short, working guide through the best of the available resources. A number of reports proved invaluable sources of analysis and data: UNDP's annual Human Development Report (Oxford University Press); from UNICEF, The State of the World's Children 2000 (Oxford University Press) and The Progress of Nations 1999 (source of Box 3); on connections between environment and health, World Resources 1998~1999: Environmental Change and Human Health (Oxford University Press), prepared jointly by the World Resources Institute, UNEP, UNDP, and the World Bank (and the source for Table 1 and Figures 2, 3 and 5); the Final Report of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (and the source for Boxes 1 and 2); the 1999 State of the Future (American Council for The United Nations University); and Connecting with the World (IDRC, International Institute for Sustainable Development, and North–South Institute, 1996), the report of a task force chaired by Maurice Strong, with a useful examination of the interaction between information technology and knowledge-based development.