By Marshall Clagett
This quantity is a part of Marshall Clagett's three-volume research of a number of the elements of technology of historical Egypt. quantity covers calendars, clocks, and astonomical monuments. inside of every one sector of therapy there's a reasonable chronology obvious as advantages a ancient paintings overlaying 3 millenia of task. contains greater than a hundred illustrations of records and clinical gadgets.
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Additional resources for Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book. Volume Two: Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy
The exposition of the details of the calendar by Eduard Meyer in 1904 37 had wide acceptance for a generation or longer. D. 10, Section 6. caps. 18 and 2D. , an Apoht8St8Sis ("re-establishment or return [of SiriusT> took place on the first day of the month Thoth. and hence this was the first ycar of the Great Yellr (·period) called (cap. , Canicular or Sothic Yearl or Year of gOO: 38 To this was added the assumption that the rising of Sirius was determined at one place (most likely Memphis or Heliopolis) and then promulgated throughout Egypt.
D. D. D. 19. D. 144. D. 20. D. 145, January 12), and so forth. What is -24- CALENDARS. CLOCKS. ASTRONOMY significant about the cycle for our purpose is that it gives a continually recurring series of lunar dates, easily and accurately translatable into the JulillR calendar for this period. The first use that Parker malees of this lunar cycle is to tcst his view (propounded first by Brugsch and followed by Mahler and Selbe) that the lunar month began with the nrst inVisibility of the waning crescent moon in the morning.
Parker says, at the time of the old lunar calendar Thoth was the name of the intercalary month of the lunar year rather than that of the first month. Unfortunately Parker has had to assume what he should have been proving. That is to say, he first assumes that the first three feasts are chronological and relate to the old lunar year and then in order to support this he has to assume that Thoth was the name of the intercalary month rather than of the first month as it was later and for which there is a great deal of evidence.