Download Aqueous Lubrication : Natural and Biomimetic Approaches by Nicholas Spencer PDF

By Nicholas Spencer

Guy lubricates in general with oil. Nature lubricates solely with water. natural water is a negative lubricant, however the addition of proteins, particularly glycoproteins, can alter surfaces to lead them to way more lubricating at gradual speeds. figuring out how nature does this, and the actual constructions concerned, is not just very important for the certainty of illnesses resembling osteoarthritis, but in addition crucial for the profitable software of articulating implants, reminiscent of hips and knees, in addition to the improvement of scientific units reminiscent of catheters and get in touch with lenses. a bunch of significant functions of water-based lubrication are already in position within the own care and nutrients industries, and extra commercial functions of water-based lubrication may have an important confident influence at the atmosphere.

This ebook is the 1st of its style. It brings jointly the most recent study in organic and biomimetic, water-based lubrication and is authored via the world's specialists within the box.

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R. C. Jones, J. P. Gleghorn, C. E. Hughes, L. J. Fitz, R. Zollner, S. D. Wainwright, B. Caterson, E. A. Morris, L. J. Bonassar, C. R. Flannery, Binding and localization of recombinant lubricin to articular cartilage surfaces. J Orthopaed Res 25(3), 283–292 (2007). 103. E. I. Drewniak, G. D. Jay, B. C. Fleming, L. Zhang, M. L. Warman, J. J. Crisco, Cyclic loading increases friction and changes cartilage surface integrity in lubricin-mutant mouse knees. Arthritis and Rheumatism 64(2), 465–473 (2012).

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Van Eijden, K. Tanne, Influence of additive hyaluronic acid on the lubricating ability in the temporomandibular joint. J Biomed Mater Res A 70A(1), 149–153 (2004). 25. V. Mow, W. Lai, J. Eisenfeil, I. Riedler, Some surface characteristics of articular-cartilage 2. Stability of articular surface and a possible biomechanical factor in etiology of chondrodegeneration. Journal of Biomechanics 7(5), 457 (1974). 26. H. Higaki, T. Murakami, Y. Nakanishi, H. Miura, T. Mawatari, Y. Iwamoto, The lubricating ability of biomembrane models with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and gamma-globulin.

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