By Alexander Williams
Argument constitution - the development of underlying kinfolk among a predicate and its dependents - is on the base of syntactic concept and the idea of the interface with semantics. This finished advisor explores the factors for thematic and event-structural decomposition, and its relation to constitution in syntax. It additionally discusses extensive styles within the linking of syntactic to semantic family, and contains insightful case stories on passive and resultative structures. Semantically specific and syntactically neutral, with a cautious, interrogative procedure, Williams clarifies notions of argument inside either lexicalist and nonlexicalist ways. excellent for college students and researchers in syntactic and semantic idea, this creation contains: • A entire evaluate of arguments in syntax and semantics • dialogue questions and recommendations for extra examining • A thesaurus with necessary definitions of key phrases.
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Extra info for Arguments in Syntax and Semantics
34) Smove pound , [ cutlets , ﬂat ] = [ [ pound , cutlets ], ﬂat ] I will take for granted that no semantic operation is transformational. All are blind to structure in their operands or in their derivation. This is a widely shared assumption, standard across frameworks, and therefore enormously important. The syntax may or may not be transformational, but the semantics is always nontransformational. This rules out anything like Smove, and implies that meanings will preserve the structure of the derivation.
To explain that, we will need supplementary theories, to do with the function and content of mental states and also acts of language use. I would like to keep both views, objectivist and mentalist, within the scope of our discussion. Accordingly I will try to generalize over both, most often without comment. 3 M E A N I N G S As linguists we are often more interested in expressions themselves than in their uses. Therefore in general we do not consider semantic values directly. Instead we consider just the invariant contribution an expression makes to restricting or determining the values of its token uses.
20 syntax To make a nonlexicalized syntax vivid, it helps to think of Syntax as building, not categorized sound strings, but categorized trees (Joshi 1987). Suppose that the four trees in (20–23), the ﬁrst of depth-two and the others of depth-zero, are the primitives of our syntax. ’ (20) S NP VP VT NP (21) VT, /keôid/ (22) NP, /It/ (23) NP, /nevIn/ Here nodes are decorated with category labels. The depth-zero trees in (21–23) have, in addition, phonological features, listed after the comma. These are the words carried, it, and Navin.