By Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (auth.), Paula Kempchinsky, Roumyana Slabakova (eds.)
The examine of the linguistic reflexes of element has been an lively box of study in a number of sub-disciplines of linguistics, comparable to syntax, semantics (including discourse thought) and acquisition experiences. despite the fact that, verbal exchange and dissemination of effects throughout those a number of subfields has usually been oblique. the various angles introduced jointly supply us a accomplished photo of the illustration of point within the mind/brain of the speaker.
The papers during this quantity symbolize the result of a workshop at the syntax, semantics and acquisition of point held in 2002 whose objective was once to foment energetic cross-disciplinary verbal exchange. some of the papers research the syntactic illustration of lexical or scenario point, whereas others specialize in the syntactic interplay of lexical point with grammatical point, and of grammatical element and demanding. different papers study the function of point in discourse representations, whereas a 3rd team of papers studies on result of empirical reports at the acquisition of point in either first and moment language acquisition, and styles of lack of morphosyntactic reflexes of element in language attrition.
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Extra info for Aspectual Inquiries
Ani makir et dani. I know ACC Dani 'I know Dani. ' ani makir (*et) harbe yeladim xaxarnim. ' ani raiti et dani. ' ani raiti (*et) harbe yeladim xaxarnim. ' ani karati et ha-sefer. ' ani karati (*et) sefer. ' In contrast to the languages just mentioned, there are languages in which the position of the object or the Case on the object is aspectually conditioned. In Mandarin Chnese, object splits are conditioned by both the specificity of the object and the delimitation of the event. The Mandarin BA construction involves object shift to the preverbal position, and is only possible when the event denoted by the predicate is delimited, as the examples in (8) and (9) show.
We speculate that languages that grammaticize event initiation are sensitive to one of these notions. This is reminiscent of the range of properties manifested by languages grammaticizing terminal aspect. Among these properties are delimitation, telicity, boundedness, quantization and quantity. We leave to future research the question of identifying the concepts that unify different types of initiation and termination. 2. Analysis of Person-based Subject Splits We suggest that subject splits arise as a consequence of feature checking in TP.
When the subject is 1" or 2ndperson, the subject agreement prefix appears next to the verb root, as in (16). ' + 3rdperson subject = S3-0-V Our claim is that languages like Dyirbal and Euchee grammaticize event initiation, as evidenced by their differential treatment of subjects that are proto-typical agents and those that are not. The distinction in Dyirbal and Euchee is between speech act participants and others. The former are highly animate, typically human, which is one defining characteristic of agentive subjects (Dowty, 1991).