Download Berkshire encyclopedia of world sport by David Levinson, David Levinson; Karen Christensen PDF

By David Levinson, David Levinson; Karen Christensen

The "Berkshire Encyclopedia of global recreation" tackles the complete global of game, from significant specialist activities and sprting occasions to neighborhood and formative years activities. It covers the enterprise of sports--marketing, administration, and ownership--as good as key social concerns starting from doping, racism, sexism, and adolescence participation, to functionality enhancement and activities psychology. insurance starts with the origins of recreation between pre-historic hunters and gatherers and extends to the worldwide activities of the twenty-first century.

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470 BERKSHIRE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF WORLD SPORT There’s no substitute for guts. changes by national and international governing bodies and athletic associations. Experts recommend that all national and international governing bodies and athletic associations have procedures and policies in place to eliminate weight control practices that could potentially harm athletes. Early intervention is also important because the longer eating disorders progress, the more difficult they are to treat. Therefore, professionals working with athletes should be informed about risk factors for the development, early signs, and symptoms of disordered eating; the medical, psychological, and social consequences of eating disorders; how to approach the disorders if they occur; and what treatment options are available.

It is also important to note that exercise burns calories, so an overall caloric deficit can be achieved through a combination of exercise and modified eating—weight loss does not have to be solely about a reduced food intake. The lowest recommended daily intake is 1,500 calories for men and 1,200 calories for women. A lower calorie intake than this should only be undertaken if following a medically supervised program. BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE WEIGHT LOSS Changes to lifestyle behavior are difficult, as both diet and physical habits are highly resistant to change.

HUTCHINS Eating Disorders For many people weight loss becomes an obsession that poses a very real threat to health and well-being. Bulimia and anorexia nervosa are two of the most commonly reported eating disorders in modern society. Bulimia involves recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by purging. Usually the binge eating involves food high in calories from fat or sugar. To avoid gaining weight from such eating, individuals follow this binge eating with vomiting, laxatives, or fasting. This purging usually takes place in secret, and some bulimics go to great lengths to hide this behavior from family and friends.

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