By Kato N. (Ed), Kamimura Sh.
Biomechanics reviews of animals in swimming and flying can serve an expanding function in realizing the mechanisms that permit animals to maneuver successfully and successfully in fluid, in addition to studying the features in their a variety of types of habit in fluid. the wealthy number of mechanisms hired via swimming and flying organisms has lengthy been an suggestion for engineers and scientists. those components of analysis, which shape the foundation of this quantity, comprise the locomotive mechanisms and behaviors of animals in swimming and flying starting from microorganisms to dolphins from the organic element, hydrodynamics of swimming and flying, biomimetic swimming or flying robots, and activities technology. This publication follows "Bio-mechanisms of Animals in Swimming and Flying" released in 2004 together with eleven chapters. This time, the booklet comprises 31 chapters at the most recent researches into usual self sustaining platforms and locomotion in either flying and swimming organisms. the realm of activities technological know-how similar to research and simulation of human swimming is newly additional. The computational frameworks for the modeling, simulation and optimization of animals in swimming and flying display a tremendous function within the growth of interdisciplinary paintings within the fields of biology and engineering. An leading edge know-how is exhibited for the flight of an insect dimension micro air motor vehicle. Neuronal technology is not just unveiling the locomotion mechanisms of swimming in fish from the point of the neuronal actions, but in addition utilized to underwater biomimetic robots. The interdisciplinary works are exhibited within the fields of biology and engineering, yielding real-world merits in leading edge applied sciences.
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Extra info for Bio-mechanisms of Swimming and Flying: Fluid Dynamics, Biomimetic Robots, and Sports Science
Tullock, D. , Phan-Thien, N. (1993), The role of hydrodynamic interaction in the locomotion of microorganisms. Biophysical J. 65: 755-778 Pedley, T. , Kessler, J. O. (1990), A new continuum model for suspensions of gyrotactic micro-organisms, J. Fluid Mech. 212: 155-182 Pedley, T. , Ishikawa, T. (2004), Diffusion of swimming model micro-organisms in a semi-dilute suspension. Bull. Amer. Phys. Soc. DFD 49: 142 Chapter 3 Dynamics Modeling and Real-time Observation of Galvanotaxis in Paramecium caudatum Naoko Ogawa^'^, Hiromasa Oku^, Koichi Hashimoto^, and Masatoshi Ishikawa^ ^ Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Kongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan ^ Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 8 Ichibancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8472, Japan ^ Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aza Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi 980-8579, Japan Summary.
We introduce our experimental works using Paramecium and numerical work using a squirmer model. In chapter 3, the continuum quantities, such as the rheological and diffiisive properties, of a semi-dilute suspension of squirmers are discussed. We introduce our numerical works using a Stokesian-dynamics method. 1 Experiments using Paramecium Biological reactions of a solitary Paramecium cell to mechanical stimulations were investigated by Naitoh and Sugino (1984). Avoiding reactions occur when a cell bumps against a solid object with its anterior end.
The construction of the experimental system is that blue laser passed through two galvano-scanners to make the two dimensional positioning of laser possible, concentrated by a convex lens and then irradiated into the experimental pool. After that, blue light is attenuated by high cut filter, and recorded by CCD camera with macro lens. Since there is little response of phototaxis of Euglena, red LED light is used for background illumination. Experimental results show that this system can make any shape of Euglena group by gathering along the scanned laser beam by their positive orientation phototaxis.