By Angus Konstam
Osprey New leading edge 154 - British Battleships 1939–45 (1): Queen Elizabeth and Royal Sovereign sessions ПОДВАЛ Osprey New leading edge 154 - British Battleships 1939–45 (1): Queen Elizabeth and Royal Sovereign sessions writer: Angus Konstam Illustrators: Tony Bryan Paul Wright April 2009Страниц: forty eight pages ISBN: 9781846033889 Формат: PDF - rarРазмер: 19.4 mbWith the outbreak of global warfare II, Britain’s Royal military and her fleet of battleships will be on the leading edge of her defence. but ten of the 12 battleships have been already over twenty years outdated, having served in global warfare I, and required large transformations so they can practice an essential provider through the six lengthy years of clash. This identify deals a complete assessment of the advance of those British battleships from their preliminary commissioning to their peacetime differences and wartime provider, with exact descriptions of the effectiveness of the most armament of person ships. With specifically commissioned paintings and a dramatic re-telling of key battleship conflicts, this publication will spotlight what it used to be like on board for the sailors who risked their lives at the excessive seas.скачать - ifolderзеркало:скачать - зеркало:скачать - hotfile zero 1 2 three four five
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Extra resources for British Battleships 1939–45 (1): Queen Elizabeth and Royal Sovereign Classes
Is not only contrary to the nature of the government of this country, but would create riots and disturbances which might require more men for the purpose of preserving the peace, than would be obtained by the plan itself. 1 The last was to be the view of most commanders during subsequent British history: their preference was for volunteers, particularly who were seen as offering the possibility for a long-service, motivated regular force. There was also no adequate permanent force of naval personnel.
Although the enlistment of volunteers was important, and, in mid-century, landsmen, nearly all of whom were volunteers, composed close to one-third of the navy’s wartime strength, the navy continued to be dependent on impressments by the press gang. Although, by law, this method applied only to professional seamen, it was both abused and arbitrary. More seriously, the system was only partially successful. On many occasions, naval preparations and operations were handicapped by a lack of sailors.
He pressed ahead with Catholicizing policies, and also built up the size of the army and increased the number of Catholic officers. James wanted the army to be a powerful, professional institution, answerable only to the king. Whereas Charles II’s army had cost £283,000 in 1684, under James it cost £620,322 per annum. His policies, which included the quartering of units on towns judged factious, helped associate a strong army with unpopular policies and contributed greatly to the antimilitary ethos that was important to eighteenthcentury British and American attitudes to the army, and that was to play a major role in the American response to imperial control.