By Margaret A. M. MurrayGirls turning into Mathematicians seems on the lives and careers of thirty-six of the nearly 200 girls who earned Ph.D.s in arithmetic from American associations from 1940 to 1959. in this interval, American mathematical examine loved an unparalleled growth, fueled via the technological successes of worldwide battle II and the postwar increase in federal investment for schooling within the easy sciences. but women's proportion of doctorates earned in arithmetic within the usa reached an rock bottom. This ebook explores the complicated interaction among the non-public lives of these girls who launched into mathematical careers in this interval, as a way to knowing how alterations in American society in the course of the Nineteen Fifties, Nineteen Sixties, and Seventies affected their occupation improvement and identities as mathematicians.The booklet is predicated on large interviews with thirty-six ladies mathematicians of the postwar new release, besides as fundamental and secondary historic and sociological examine. Taking a life-course method, the publication examines the advance of mathematical id around the lifestyles span, from adolescence via maturity and into retirement. It specializes in the method through which girls who're actively concerned about the mathematical group come to "know themselves" as mathematicians. The women's tales are instructive accurately simply because they don't agree to a collection development; forced to improvise, the girls mathematicians of the Forties and Fifties assorted paths of their fight to build a qualified id in postwar the USA.