Category: Semantics

  • Download What is a Context?: Linguistic approaches and challenges by Rita Finkbeiner, Jörg Meibauer, Petra B. Schumacher PDF

    By Rita Finkbeiner, Jörg Meibauer, Petra B. Schumacher

    Context is a center inspiration of linguistic conception. although, whereas there are lots of makes an attempt at explaining unmarried elements of the proposal of context, those makes an attempt are particularly various and don't simply converge to a unified thought of context. the current multi-faceted number of papers reconsiders the proposal of context and its demanding situations for linguistics from diversified theoretical and empirical angles. half I bargains insights right into a wide selection of present techniques to context, together with theoretical pragmatics, neurolinguistics, scientific pragmatics, interactional linguistics, and psycholinguistics. half II provides new empirical findings at the position of context from case stories on idioms, unarticulated parts, argument linking, and numerically-quantified expressions. Bringing jointly diverse theoretical frameworks, the quantity presents thought-provoking discussions of ways the proposal of context could be understood, modeled, and carried out in linguistics. it's crucial for researchers drawn to theoretical and utilized linguistics, the semantics/pragmatics interface, and experimental pragmatics.
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  • Download Studies in the Composition and Decomposition of Event by Boban Arsenijević, Berit Gehrke, Rafael Marín PDF

    By Boban Arsenijević, Berit Gehrke, Rafael Marín

    This special, perceptive addition to the linguistics literature analyzes the semantic parts of occasion predicates, exploring their fine-grained components in addition to their supplier in linguistic processing. The papers transcend natural semantics to think about their various impacts of occasion predicates on argument constitution, point, scalarity, and occasion structure.

    The quantity exhibits how advances within the linguistic thought of occasion predicates, that have spawned Davidsonian and neo-Davidsonian notions of occasion arguments, as well as ‘event constitution’ frameworks and mereological types for the eventuality area, have sidelined examine on particular units of entailments that aid a typology of occasion predicates. Addressing this imbalance within the literature, the paintings additionally offers facts indicating a extra advanced position for scalar constructions than presently assumed. it is going to increase the paintings of semanticists, psycholinguists, and syntacticians with a decompositional method of verb word structure.

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  • Download Alliteration in Culture by Jonathan Roper PDF

    By Jonathan Roper

    Alliteration happens in a wide selection of contexts in stress-initial languages, together with Icelandic, Finnish and Mongolian. it may be present in English from Beowulf to The sunlight. however, alliteration continues to be an unexamined phenomenon. This pioneering quantity takes alliteration as its relevant concentration throughout numerous languages and domain names.
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  • Download Compositional Semantics: An Introduction to the by Pauline Jacobson PDF

    By Pauline Jacobson

    This e-book presents an advent to compositional semantics and to the syntax/semantics interface. it truly is rooted in the culture of version theoretic semantics, and develops an particular fragment of either the syntax and semantics of a wealthy element of English.

    Professor Jacobson adopts a right away Compositionality process, wherein the syntax builds the expressions whereas the semantics at the same time assigns each one a model-theoretic interpretation. along this process, the writer additionally provides a competing view that uses an intermediate point, Logical shape. She develops parallel remedies of various phenomena from either issues of view with specific comparisons. The e-book starts off with uncomplicated and basic techniques and steadily builds a extra advanced fragment, together with analyses of extra complicated issues reminiscent of concentration, detrimental polarity, and various themes centering on pronouns and binding extra in most cases. routines are supplied all through, along open-ended questions for college students to contemplate. The routines are interspersed with the textual content to advertise self-discovery of the basics and their applications.

    The booklet offers a rigorous starting place in formal research and version theoretic semantics and is appropriate for complex undergraduate and graduate scholars in linguistics, philosophy of language, and comparable fields.
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  • Download Perspectives on Semantic Roles by Silvia Luraghi, Heiko Narrog PDF

    By Silvia Luraghi, Heiko Narrog

    Semantic roles have persevered to intrigue linguists for greater than 4 many years now, beginning with picking out their type and quantity, with their morphological expression, and with their interplay with argument constitution and syntax. the focal point during this quantity is on typological and ancient matters. The papers concentrate on the cross-linguistic id of semantic-role equivalents, at the regularity of, and exceptions touching on switch and grammaticalization in semantic roles, the difference of encoding the jobs of path and experiencer in particular languages, providing facts for selecting a brand new semantic position of speech addressee in Caucasian languages, on semantic roles in note formation, and at last a cross-linguistic comparability of the capabilities and the grammaticalization of the moral dative in a few Indo-European languages. The booklet could be of curiosity to somebody concerned with case and semantic roles, with the syntax-semantics interface, and with semantic switch and grammaticalization.
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  • Download On Conditionals by Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Alice Ter Meulen, Judy Snitzer PDF

    By Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Alice Ter Meulen, Judy Snitzer Reilly, Charles A. Ferguson

    On Conditionals offers the 1st significant cross-disciplinary account of conditional (if-then) buildings. Conditional sentences without delay replicate the language user's skill to cause approximately possible choices, uncertainties, and unrealised contingencies. An knowing of the conceptual and behavioural company taken with the development and interpretation of those sorts of sentences consequently presents basic insights into the inferential ideas and the cognitive and linguistic tactics of people. the current quantity brings jointly stories from a number of views - philosophical, linguistic and mental - and goals to stress the intrinsic connections among the problems to be addressed and to indicate to new instructions for interdisciplinary paintings.
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  • Download The Cambridge encyclopedia of the language sciences by Patrick Colm Hogan PDF

    By Patrick Colm Hogan

    Have you ever misplaced song of advancements in generative linguistics, discovering your self uncertain in regards to the special beneficial properties of Minimalism? do you want to grasp extra approximately fresh advances within the genetics of language, or approximately correct hemisphere linguistic operation? Has your curiosity in narrative drawn you to question the relation among tales and grammars? The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences addresses those matters, in addition to enormous quantities of others. It comprises uncomplicated entries for these unexpected with a given subject and extra particular entries for these looking extra really expert wisdom. It comprises either well-established findings and state-of-the-art examine and classical methods and new theoretical options. the quantity is geared toward readers who've an curiosity in a few point of language technological know-how yet desire to examine extra in regards to the vast diversity of rules, findings, practices, and customers that represent this swiftly increasing box, a box arguably on the heart of present study at the human brain and human society
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  • Download The Language of Word Meaning by Federica Busa, Pierrette Bouillon PDF

    By Federica Busa, Pierrette Bouillon

    This quantity is a suite of unique contributions that tackle the matter of phrases and their which means. This represents a nonetheless tough and arguable zone inside numerous disciplines: linguistics, philosophy, and synthetic intelligence. even supposing all of those disciplines need to take on the difficulty, to date there isn't any overarching method agreed upon via researchers. the purpose of the quantity is to supply solutions in line with empirical linguistics tools which are appropriate throughout all of the disciplines and supply a bridge between researchers taking a look at observe that means from various angles.
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  • Download Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-based by M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen PDF

    By M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen

    This article explores how humans construe adventure. this suggests event as a source, as a possible for figuring out, representing and performing on fact. it really is by way of this power that the details of way of life are interpreted: they make experience simply because they're instantiations of this power. the development of expertise is generally considered wisdom, having the shape of conceptual taxonomies, schemata, scripts etc. The authors provide an interpretation that's complementary to this, treating event no longer as understanding yet as which means; and accordingly as anything that's construed in language. In different phrases, the worry is with the construal of human adventure as a semantic method; and because language performs the principal function not just in storing and replacing event but additionally in construing it, language is taken because the interpretative base. the focal point of the publication is either theoretical and descriptive. the key descriptive part is an account of the main normal positive aspects of the ideational semantics of English, that is then exemplified in regular textual content varieties (recipes and climate forecasts).
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