Category: Semantics

  • Download Quantity Implicatures by Bart Geurts PDF

    By Bart Geurts

    In recent times, volume implicatures - one of those pragmatic inference - were commonly debated in linguistics, philosophy, and psychology, and feature been topic to a massive number of analyses, starting from lexical, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic, to numerous hybrid bills. during this first book-length dialogue of the subject, Bart Geurts offers a idea of volume implicatures that's resolutely pragmatic, arguing that the orthodox Gricean method of conversational implicature is able to accounting for the entire common instances of volume implicature, and extra. He exhibits how the idea offers with free-choice inferences as purely a backyard number of volume implicatures, and offers an in-depth therapy of so-called 'embedded implicatures'. furthermore, in addition to providing a entire idea of volume implicatures, he additionally takes into consideration experimental facts and processing matters. unique and pioneering, and fending off technical terminology, this insightful research can be precious to linguists, philosophers, and experimental psychologists alike.
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  • Download Unity and Plurality: Logic, Philosophy, and Linguistics by Massimiliano Carrara, Alexandra Arapinis, Friederike PDF

    By Massimiliano Carrara, Alexandra Arapinis, Friederike Moltmann

    Unity and Plurality offers novel methods of wondering plurality whereas casting new mild at the interconnections one of the logical, philosophical, and linguistic features of plurals. the quantity brings jointly new paintings at the common sense and ontology of plurality and at the semantics of plurals in normal language. Plural reference, the view that yes plurals equivalent to 'the scholars' check with a number of entities immediately (the person students), is an procedure favoured by means of logicians and philosophers, who take sentences with plurals ('the scholars gathered') to not be dedicated to entities past contributors, entities reminiscent of periods, sums, or units. against this, linguistic semantics has been ruled via a singularist method of plurals, taking the semantic worth of a distinct plural comparable to 'the scholars' to be a mereological sum or set. in addition, semantics has been ruled through a specific ontological view of plurality, that of extensional mereology. This quantity goals to construct a bridge among the 2 traditions and to teach the fruitfulness of nonstandard mereological ways. A crew of prime specialists investigates new views that come up from plural common sense and non-standard mereology and discover novel purposes to typical language phenomena.
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  • Download Poetry: The Basics by Jeffrey Wainwright PDF

    By Jeffrey Wainwright

    How do I learn a poem? Do i actually comprehend poetry?This entire advisor demystifies the area of poetry, exploring poetic types and traditions that could first and foremost look bewildering. exhibiting how any reader can achieve extra excitement from poetry, it appears to be like on the ways that poetry interacts with the language we use in our daily lives and explores how poems use language and shape to create meaning.Drawing on examples starting from Chaucer to kid's rhymes, Cole Porter to Carol Ann Duffy, and from round the English-speaking global, it seems to be at elements together with: how technical facets comparable to rhythm and measures paintings how diversified tones of voice impact a poem how poetic language pertains to daily language how types of poetry paintings, from sonnets to loose verse how the shape and 'space' of a poem contributes to its that means. Poetry: the fundamentals is a useful and simple to learn consultant for someone eager to familiarize yourself with examining and writing poetry.
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  • Download Corpus Pragmatics: A Handbook by Karin Aijmer, Christoph Rühlemann PDF

    By Karin Aijmer, Christoph Rühlemann

    Corpus linguistics is a common strategy which makes use of real language information, kept in huge laptop corpora, because the foundation for linguistic examine. relocating clear of the normal intuitive method of linguistics, which used made-up examples, corpus linguistics has made an important contribution to all components of the sector. till very lately, corpus linguistics has concentrated nearly solely on syntax and the lexicon; even though corpus-based ways to the opposite subfields of linguistics at the moment are swiftly rising, and this can be the 1st guide on corpus pragmatics as a box. Bringing jointly a staff of top students from world wide, this instruction manual appears to be like at how using corpus info has educated study into varied key features of pragmatics, together with pragmatic ideas, pragmatic markers, evaluate, reference, speech acts, and conversational organization.
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  • Download Assurance: An Austinian view of Knowledge and Knowledge by Krista Lawlor PDF

    By Krista Lawlor

    Claiming to understand is greater than creating a record approximately one's epistemic place: one additionally deals one's coverage to others. what's an coverage? during this e-book, Krista Lawlor unites J. L. Austin's insights concerning the pragmatics of assurance-giving and the semantics of information claims right into a systematic complete. The important topic within the Austinian view is that of reasonableness: attract a 'reasonable individual' usual makes the perform of assurance-giving attainable, and shall we our wisdom claims be actual regardless of modifications in useful pursuits and confrontation between audio system and hearers. Lawlor presents an unique account of ways the Austinian view addresses a couple of problems for contextualist semantic theories, resolves closure-based skeptical paradoxes, and is helping us to tread the road among acknowledging our fallibility and skepticism.
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  • Download Arguments in Syntax and Semantics by Alexander Williams PDF

    By Alexander Williams

    Argument constitution - the development of underlying kinfolk among a predicate and its dependents - is on the base of syntactic concept and the idea of the interface with semantics. This finished advisor explores the factors for thematic and event-structural decomposition, and its relation to constitution in syntax. It additionally discusses extensive styles within the linking of syntactic to semantic family, and contains insightful case stories on passive and resultative structures. Semantically specific and syntactically neutral, with a cautious, interrogative procedure, Williams clarifies notions of argument inside either lexicalist and nonlexicalist ways. excellent for college students and researchers in syntactic and semantic idea, this creation contains: • A entire evaluate of arguments in syntax and semantics • dialogue questions and recommendations for extra examining • A thesaurus with necessary definitions of key phrases.
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  • Download The Building Blocks Of Meaning: Ideas for a Philosophical by Michele Prandi PDF

    By Michele Prandi

    The shaping of complicated meanings relies on punctual and relational coding and inferencing. Coding is seen as a vector that could run both from expression to content material or from innovations to (linguistic) types to mark self sustaining conceptual kin. whereas coding depends on systematic assets inner to language, inferencing basically relies on a layered procedure of self sufficient shared conceptual constructions, which come with either cognitive versions and consistency standards grounded in a average ontology. Inference guided by way of coding isn't a residual pragmatic equipment however it is an instantaneous technique to long term conceptual buildings that consultant the relationship of meanings.
    The interplay of linguistic kinds and ideas is very transparent in conceptual clash the place conflictual complicated meanings offer insights into the roots of value and the linguistic constitution of metaphors.
    Complementing a proper research of linguistic buildings with a important research of conceptual buildings, a philosophical grammar offers insights from either formal and practical ways towards a extra profound knowing of ways language works in developing and speaking advanced meanings.
    This monograph is preferably addressed to linguists, philosophers and psychologists attracted to language as symbolic shape and as an software of human motion rooted in a posh conceptual and cognitive panorama.
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