Category: Semantics

  • Download Cognitive and Pragmatic Aspects of Speech Actions by Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka PDF

    By Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka

    This quantity comprises papers which replicate present discussions within the examine of speech activities. the gathering was once encouraged by way of the papers awarded at Meaning, Context and Cognition, the 1st overseas convention integrating cognitive linguistics and pragmatics initiated by means of the dep. of English Language and utilized Linguistics of the college of Łódź (Poland) in 2011 and held every year. The inevitably heterogeneous box of analysis into speech activities is approached through the participants from a variety of views and with specialise in kinds of info. The papers were grouped into 4 sections which as a consequence emphasise theoretical linguistics matters, lexical pragmatics, speech act-theoretic difficulties, and cognitive tactics.
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  • Download Events and their Names by Jonathan Bennett PDF

    By Jonathan Bennett

    In this research of occasions and their areas in our language and suggestion, Bennett propounds and defends perspectives approximately what sort of merchandise an occasion is, how the language of occasions works, and approximately how those issues are interrelated. He argues that the majority of the supposedly metaphysical literature is de facto concerning the semantics in their names, and that the genuine metaphysic of events--known via Leibniz and rediscovered via Kim--has now not been universally accredited since it has been tarred with the comb of a fake semantic theory.

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  • Download Refusals in Instructional Contexts and Beyond by Otilia Marti-Arnandiz, Patricia Salazar-Campillo PDF

    By Otilia Marti-Arnandiz, Patricia Salazar-Campillo

    Little publicity and few possibilities for perform are major drawbacks for newcomers in educational contexts. those difficulties are intensified while facing face-threatening acts comparable to refusals, as beginners are usually not absolutely able to expressing their meanings and miscommunication is a probable derivative. the current quantity goals at exploring components and creation of refusals in numerous educational settings via ten unique papers which deal with key questions facing the speech act of refusals. The relevance of the quantity lies within the person contributions which embody leading edge views on refusals on the way to supply an exceptional contribution to this box of enquiry. The e-book is an compulsory interpreting for researchers and scholars attracted to the sector of interlanguage pragmatics, who will enjoy the diversity of academic contexts within which refusals are investigated.
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  • Download Temporality : universals and variation by Maria Bittner PDF

    By Maria Bittner

    "Temporality surveys the ways that languages of other varieties check with previous, current, and destiny occasions, via an in-depth exam of 4 significant language varieties: tense-based English, tense-aspect-based Polish, aspect-based chinese language, and mood-based Kalaallisut. state of the art learn on without delay compositional dynamic semantics of languages with and with no grammatical stressful New in-depth research of temporal, aspectual, modal, in addition to nominal discourse reference offers a singular logical language for representing linguistic which means (Update with Centering) Develops a unified conception of annoying, element, temper, and individual as types of 'grammatical centering structures' "--

    "Cutting-edge examine on without delay compositional dynamic semantics of languages with and with no grammatical tense"--

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    summary:
    Temporality surveys the ways that languages of alternative forms check with previous, current, and destiny occasions, via an in-depth exam of 4 significant language forms: tense-based English, tense-aspect-based Polish, aspect-based chinese language, and mood-based Kalaallisut. Read more...
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  • Download From Utterances to Speech Acts by Mikhail Kissine PDF

    By Mikhail Kissine

    More often than not our utterances are immediately interpreted as speech acts: as assertions, conjectures and stories; as orders, requests and pleas; as threats, bargains and delivers. strangely, the cognitive correlates of this crucial portion of human communique have bought little consciousness. This e-book fills the distance via supplying a version of the mental methods considering analyzing and figuring out speech acts. the idea is framed in naturalistic phrases and is supported by means of facts on language improvement and on autism spectrum problems. Mikhail Kissine doesn't presuppose any particular heritage and addresses an important pragmatic phenomenon from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. it is a priceless source for tutorial researchers and graduate and undergraduate scholars in pragmatics, semantics, cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics and philosophy of language.

    Reviews:

    Advance compliment: "Mikhail Kissine presents a so much accomplished and compelling case for the learn of literal and nonliteral speech acts inside of a conscientiously naturalistic procedure. His info and arguments, which problem theoretical confusions and conventional assumptions, make up an important step forward. From Utterances to Speech Acts is an interesting learn, novel and eye-opening - a lucid, evidence-based version of the learn of direct and oblique language use between in general and atypically constructing individuals." --Professor Rachel Giora, Tel Aviv University

    "Kissine bargains a brand new conception of speech acts that is philosophically subtle and builds on paintings in cognitive technology, formal semantics, and linguistic typology. This hugely readable, amazing essay is a tremendous contribution to the field." --François Recanati, Institut Jean-Nicod

    "Kissine's From Utterances to Speech Acts is an unique, proficient and compelling new contribution to the literature at the nature of speech acts. Kissine offers stable purposes to place apart largely approved Gricean bills by way of complicated intentions, partially in response to updated empirical info. He offers an alternate account, on which speech acts constitutively show purposes (to think or to act), and develops particular illustrative debts of constative, directive and commisive speech acts - paradigmatically together with, respectively, assertions, orders and gives you. Kissine convincingly argues that his account is appropriate with the empirical effects that end up troublesome for Gricean perspectives, and typically with a naturalistic stance. The publication contains many unique conceptual proposals - between them, a brand new tackle Austin's contrast among the locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary acts, and an offer to interchange classifications of illocutionary forces by way of "direction of fit" through a contrast among methods of proposing a locutionary content material, a possible one - uncommitted to the reality or falsity of the content material, using to orders between speech acts and imaginings or wants between psychological acts -, and a non-potential one, employing to ideals, assertions, intentions and provides. a few of the book's proposals need to be taken up and tested additional even more extensive via researchers. i think the booklet will therefore deeply effect the process impending examine on its topics." --Manuel García-Carpintero, emblems, college of Barcelona
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  • Download Journal on Data Semantics IV by Mohamed Dahchour, Alain Pirotte, Esteban Zimányi (auth.), PDF

    By Mohamed Dahchour, Alain Pirotte, Esteban Zimányi (auth.), Stefano Spaccapietra (eds.)

    • Semantics in facts visualization • Semantic providers for cellular clients • assisting instruments • functions of semantic-driven techniques those themes are to be understood as particularly with regards to semantic concerns. Contributions submitted to the magazine and working with semantics of knowledge can be thought of no matter if they aren't in the subject matters within the checklist. whereas the actual visual appeal of the magazine concerns is just like the books from the we- recognized Springer LNCS sequence, the mode of operation is that of a magazine. Contributions may be freely submitted by way of authors and are reviewed by way of the Editorial Board. Contributions can also be invited, and however conscientiously reviewed, as within the case for matters that include prolonged models of the simplest papers from significant meetings addressing info semantics concerns. unique concerns, targeting a particular subject, are coordinated via visitor editors as soon as the suggestion for a unique factor is permitted by means of the Editorial Board. ultimately, it's also attainable magazine factor be dedicated to a unmarried text.

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  • Download Restriction and Saturation (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs) by Sandra Chung PDF

    By Sandra Chung

    With this examine of Maori and Chamorro, Sandra Chung and William Ladusaw make a necessary contribution to the becoming literature at the formal semantic research of non-Indo-European languages. Their final concentration is on how the learn of those Austronesian languages can light up the choices for semantic interpretation and their interplay with syntactic constitution. Revisiting the research of indefiniteness by way of constrained loose variables, they declare that a few sorts of indefinites are greater analyzed via taking limit and saturation to be basic semantic operations.Chapters study the final subject of modes of composition (including predicate limit and syntactic as opposed to semantic saturation), sorts of indefinite determiners in Maori, and item incorporation in Chamorro (including discussions of the additional item and limit with out saturation). The authors' aim is that the 2 case reviews they give, and their greater specialise in modes of composition, will give a contribution to a broader account of the interplay of shape, place, and semantic interpretation.
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  • Download The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, by Andrea Tyler PDF

    By Andrea Tyler

    Utilizing a cognitive linguistics standpoint, this paintings offers the main entire, theoretical research of the semantics of English prepositions to be had. All English prepositions are initially coded as spatial relatives among actual entities. whereas conserving their unique which means, prepositions have additionally built a wealthy set of non-spatial meanings. Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans argue that each one the meanings are systematically similar via a suite of cognitive rules, emphasizing the significance of human adventure with the area because the origin for lexical that means.
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  • Download Cross-Linguistic Semantics (Studies in Language Companion by Cliff Goddard PDF

    By Cliff Goddard

    Cross-linguistic semantics – investigating how languages package deal and convey meanings another way – is significant to the linguistic quest to appreciate the character of human language. This set of experiences explores and demonstrates cross-linguistic semantics as practised within the common semantic metalanguage (NSM) framework, originated through Anna Wierzbicka. the outlet chapters supply a state of the art review of the NSM version, suggest a number of theoretical concepts and improve a couple of unique analyses in reference to names and naming, clefts and different specificational sentences, and discourse anaphora. next chapters describe and examine diversified phenomena in ten languages from a number of households, geographical destinations, and cultural settings world wide. 3 colossal experiences rfile how the metalanguage of NSM semantic primes could be realised in languages of commonly differing kinds: Amharic (Ethiopia), Korean, and East Cree. each one constitutes a lexicogrammatical portrait in miniature of the language involved. different chapters probe themes comparable to inalienable ownership in Koromu (Papua New Guinea), epistemic verbs in Swedish, hyperpolysemy in Bunuba (Australia), the expression of "momentariness" in Berber, ethnogeometry in Makasai (East Timor), worth innovations in Russian, and “virtuous feelings” in eastern. This e-book could be important for linguists engaged on language description, lexical semantics, or the semantics of grammar, for complex scholars of linguistics, and for others drawn to language universals and language range.
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  • Download Empirical Approaches to Linguistic Theory by Britta Stolterfoht, Sam Featherston PDF

    By Britta Stolterfoht, Sam Featherston

    The psychological illustration of language can't be without delay saw yet has to be inferred and modelled from its results at moment hand. Linguists have normally replied to this in methods, both going for a reasonably data-light strategy and valuing theoretical creativity, or pursuing simply these pursuits for which facts is accessible and trusting to data-driven descriptive paintings. extra lately, advances in know-how and experimental innovations have made info collecting more uncomplicated and extra available, in order that a theoretically educated yet empirically established strategy is speedily growing to be in recognition. This synthesis allows linguists to mix the highbrow speculation new release of the theoreticians being able to convey difficult solutions of the empiricist. This quantity is a set of papers during this course, utilizing often scan the way to yield insights into syntactic and semantic buildings, language processing, and acquisition. Papers document corpus facts, neurological investigations, baby language reviews, and fieldwork from minority languages.
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