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By Mary McAuley

Regardless of their very varied histories, societies, political and criminal structures, Russia and the united kingdom stand out as favoring a punitive method of younger legislation breakers, imprisoning many extra teenagers than the other ecu nations. The ebook relies at the author's basic examine in Russia within which she visited a dozen closed associations from St Petersburg to Krasnoyarsk and on comparable learn in England and northerly Ireland. The result's a distinct learn of the way attitudes to adolescence crime and legal justice, the political atmosphere and the connection among country and society have interacted to steer the therapy of younger offenders. McAuley's account of the twists and turns in coverage in the direction of early life remove darkness from the intense heritage of Russia within the 20th century and the making of social coverage in Russia today. It is additionally the 1st learn to check the united kingdom (excluding Scotland due to its separate juvenile justice process) with Russia, a comparability which highlights the criteria liable for the making of 'punitive' coverage within the societies. McAuley areas the Russian and united kingdom regulations in a ecu context, aiming to bare how different ecu international locations have the capacity to positioned such a lot of fewer childrens at the back of bars. Mary McAuley is an affiliate of the foreign Centre for felony stories, King's collage, London. She used to be Fellow in Politics at St Hilda's university Oxford until eventually 1995, with past posts on the universities of York and Essex. From 1996 to 2002 she ran the Ford Foundation's Moscow place of work. regardless of their very diversified histories, societies, political and criminal structures, Russia and the united kingdom stand out as favoring a punitive method of younger legislations breakers, imprisoning many extra young children than the other ecu nations. The e-book relies at the author's basic learn in Russia within which she visited a dozen closed associations from St Petersburg to Krasnoyarsk and on related learn in England and northerly eire. the result's a different examine of the way attitudes to formative years crime and felony justice, the political atmosphere and the connection among kingdom and society have interacted to persuade the remedy of younger offenders. McAuley's account of the twists and turns in coverage in the direction of early life light up the extreme background of Russia within the 20th century and the making of social coverage in Russia this day. it's also the 1st learn to match the united kingdom (excluding Scotland due to its separate juvenile justice procedure) with Russia, a comparability which highlights the standards liable for the making of 'punitive' coverage within the societies. McAuley locations the Russian and united kingdom rules in a eu context, aiming to bare how different ecu nations be capable of placed such a lot of fewer young children at the back of bars. regardless of their very varied histories, societies, political and criminal structures, Russia and the united kingdom stand out as favoring a punitive method of younger legislations breakers, imprisoning many extra kids than the other ecu nations. The publication is a different examine of the way attitudes to adolescence crime and felony justice, the political surroundings and the connection among country and society have interacted to steer the remedy of younger offenders. it's also the 1st research to check the united kingdom with Russia, putting their regulations in a eu context to bare how different eu international locations have the ability to positioned  many fewer little ones at the back of bars.

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Academic experts and practising professionals are in agreement here. A. ’ Truly, isolation from society, placing an individual in a closed environment with other criminally infected and socially inadequate people, is not the best way of correcting the behaviour of such a person and then returning him to society as a fully integrated citizen. Time spent in detention has a particularly negative effect upon convicted teenagers. . As is well known that is the age at which the process of forming the personality is completed .

Figure 5 provides data on convictions for violent offences in Figure 5: Convictions (14–17-year-olds) for violent crime, Russia, 1997–2004 6000 thousands 5000 murder and attempted murder 4000 GBH 3000 rape and attempted rape 2000 robbery wirh violence 1000 04 03 20 20 02 20 01 00 20 20 99 19 98 19 19 97 0 Source: Data from MVD statistical handbooks, 2002, 2004 and 2006. indd 37 9/15/09 8:59:18 AM 38 CHILDREN IN CUSTODY Russia. As a percentage of all convictions violent crimes remain very small.

Theft, burglary, and in some countries dealing in stolen property, dominate the code books and consequently the statistics. Such behaviour is age-related and income-related. These are young persons’ activities, and those of deprived young persons. Tax evasion, fiddling expense accounts, corporate theft – those adult white-collar practices – have not traditionally occupied such a dominant place in the code books, in the statistics, or in public discussion of ‘crime’. Recently, very recently, they have begun to attract more attention.

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