By Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka
This quantity comprises papers which replicate present discussions within the examine of speech activities. the gathering was once encouraged by way of the papers awarded at Meaning, Context and Cognition, the 1st overseas convention integrating cognitive linguistics and pragmatics initiated by means of the dep. of English Language and utilized Linguistics of the college of Łódź (Poland) in 2011 and held every year. The inevitably heterogeneous box of analysis into speech activities is approached through the participants from a variety of views and with specialise in kinds of info. The papers were grouped into 4 sections which as a consequence emphasise theoretical linguistics matters, lexical pragmatics, speech act-theoretic difficulties, and cognitive tactics.
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Extra info for Cognitive and Pragmatic Aspects of Speech Actions
Via a reduction to token reflexives? Prior believes we cannot. He claimed that tensed expressions, and tensed facts for 12 This peculiarity was also reflected in Prior’s ontological views, for he claimed that the present is all there is; that neither the past nor the future exist. On Times and Contents 29 that matter, are irreducible to tenseless ones. g. ”, and... says something which it is impossible that any use of a tenseless copula with a date should convey. g. “Thank goodness the date of the conclusion of that thing is Friday, June 15, 1954”, even if it be said then.
The reader may ask what independent motivations we have to include two stages of perceptual representations into the above process, namely, the input state of affairs and the output state of affairs. One justification for this is the so-called pattern-completion task conducted in the visual system (cf. Barsalou 2003). 7 More generally, the visual system can take in an occluded image as input and complete the missing element by way of some computation. We take it as evidence that the perceptual system can link one perceptual state of affairs to another by way of certain kind of casual relation.
Also, in order to maintain the uniformity for (17a~c), we would need to quantifier-raise the referential NP in (17c) to an operator position, which is lacking in convincing independent motivations and also makes the syntactic pairing of phonological strings with their semantics unnecessarily complex (the same criticism applies to Montague’s analysis, 1973, of referential NPs that type raises both the quantificational and referential NPs in the semantics). Also, note that using QR on its own does not solve the compositionality problem associated with the first-order formulas in (17b~c).