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By Jean-Paul Caverni, Jean-Marc Fabre and Michel Gonzalez (Eds.)

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S. Comparison of Bayesian and regression approaches to the study of information processing in judgement. Oreanbational Behavior and Human Performance. 6, 649-744. Tversky. A.. & Kahneman. D. Judgement under uncertainty: Heuristics and 1124-1131. biases. Science, B. Tversky. A.. & Kahneman. D. (1981). The framing of decision and the rationality of choice. Science, 21 1, 453-458. H. Experiments in the laboratory and the real 252-270. world. w n i z a t i o n a l Behavior and Human Perfomancc. a, m.

Thus, G(y I F a A Gg A HJ is the grade given to paper y when levels u, 6, and a of factors F, G and H are used. EXPERIMENT 1 Paper grading is prone to a well-established bias whereby poorer grades are attributed to a given paper when it is evaluated after one (or several) good paper(s) than when it is evaluated after one (or several) poor paper(s) (for a review, see Caverni, 1987). If this "contextual setting" factor is labeled C. we can write: G(y I Cd c G(y I Cd where ch and C1 stand for the conditions where y was evaluated after high quality and low quality papers, respectively.

1958). Proposals leading to analytic treatment of social perception scores. In R. Tagiuri and L. ). Person PerceDtion and Intemersonal Behavior. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Einhorn. M. Behavioral decision theory: Processes of judgment and choice. Annual Review of Psvcholoey. 32. 52-88. Fiske. T. E. (1984). Social Coenition. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Fong. T.. Krantz. H.. & Nisbett. RE. The effects of statistical training on thinking about everyday problems. Cognitive Psvcholom.

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