Download Cognitive Science - A Multidisciplinary Journal, Volume 35, by Arthur B. Markman (Ed.) PDF

By Arthur B. Markman (Ed.)

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1A and B for the children’s and adults’ databases, respectively. The pattern is the same for both databases: Grapheme-sized mappings have the shortest total description length, and head–coda and onset–body mappings have total description lengths that are shorter than the data itself (as shown by the total description length for whole words) but longer than that of grapheme-based mappings. , larger segment mappings will have longer description lengths) and the total number of mappings that make up the hypothesis.

The structure of this article is as follows. We begin with the section Representational Units and Learning to Read by reviewing the evidence that different representational units are involved during reading acquisition. Next, in Spelling-to-Sound Consistency and Learning to Read we review cross-linguistic evidence that shows how inconsistency in the print to sound mappings complicates the choice of representational units for English. In The Simplicity Principle, we present a nontechnical description of the Simplicity Principle and describe how it can be applied to reading to trade off maximizing reading outcome against minimizing complexity.

60%, respectively). Furthermore, the proportion of words for which the target pronunciation was the most probable was less than from each complete hypothesis, but the reduction was much greater for the onset–body hypothesis, as depicted in Fig. 3B. 5% vs. 2% for graphemes). These mappings contribute little to the regularity of the hypothesis (while the individual mappings may be regular, because they occur only once they do not describe a pattern within the data as a whole) and so the brevity with which they describe the data does not outweigh the length of code needed to describe them.

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