By Ewa Dabrowska
Drawing at the conceptual gear of cognitive grammar, this article goals to convey order into the array of makes use of via supplying a unified semantic characterization of the dative case which subsumes either "lexically ruled" and "free" datives.
Read or Download Cognitive Semantics and the Polish Dative PDF
Similar semantics books
Utilizing a cognitive linguistics point of view, this paintings offers the main accomplished, theoretical research of the semantics of English prepositions to be had. All English prepositions are initially coded as spatial kin among actual entities. whereas preserving their unique that means, prepositions have additionally constructed a wealthy set of non-spatial meanings.
Within the Dynamics of that means, Gennaro Chierchia tackles primary matters in dynamic semantics and extends the overall framework. bankruptcy 1 introduces the suggestion of dynamic semantics and discusses intimately the phenomena which were used to inspire it, similar to "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification.
This article bargains a philosophical exam of the fundamental conceptual framework of pragmatic conception, and contrasts this framework with unique descriptions of our daily practices of language use. whereas the consequences could be hugely suitable to pragmatics, the research isn't a contribution to pragmatic thought.
A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by way of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid thought exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and chance of attaining a broader and extra practical idea of our figuring out.
- A Critical Hypertext Analysis of Social Media: The True Colours of Facebook
- Structures and Beyond: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures
- The Syntax and Semantics of Infinitary Languages
- Formal Semantics: The Essential Readings
Extra info for Cognitive Semantics and the Polish Dative
We tend to think of ideas as objects that enter and leave our minds and of emotions as waves that overwhelm us and sweep us away (see Lakoff 1987, Lakoff & Johnson 1980, Reddy 1979). The prevalence of this kind of imagery in the metaphorical expressions we use to talk about mental experience, and the difficulties that psychologists and philosophers of the mind experienced in overcoming the "homunculus" theory, both bear witness to the power of this folk model over the imagination. ) Experiential verbs, then, evoke the sphere of awareness, just as verbs of helping evoke the concept of a "helpee" who is engaged in some action, and verbs of resistance necessarily imply the existence of a force that is resisted.
On this interpretation, (33) would be an infantile version of (34): (34) Ten dran uwiödl mi ζοης! ' I attribute my informants' reluctance to accept (33) to their inability to make sense out of the situation without knowledge of the special context described above. Since inclusion in the personal sphere depends on a number of subjective and contextual factors, it is not surprising that it is often a matter of degree. Consequently, partial acceptability is the rule for descriptions of actions involving the more peripheral elements.
76) b. Skargi zamarly jej na ustach. complaints:NOM withered her:DAT on lips:LOC 'Her complaints just petered out [as she spoke them]'. (76) c. Glos mu si% lamal. ' (77) a. R$ce mu drzaly. ' 38 The meaning of the dative (77) b. Glowa opadla mu na piersi. ' (77) c. Oczy jej lataly niespokojnie, nie mögt a si% skupid. ' (78) a. Wypsnqla/ Wyrwala mu siq niedyskretna uwaga. ' (78) b. Gniewne slowa cisngly jej na usta. ' (79) a. Wylala mi si$ herbata. ' (79) b. Przypalil mi si$ kotlet. ' (79) c. Zlamal mi siq olöwek.