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By Frits M. Van der Meer, J. Raadschelders, T. Toonen

This revised and extended version of a benchmark assortment compares how civil companies world wide have tailored to deal with coping with public providers within the twenty first century. the amount presents insights into multi-level governance, juridification and problems with potency and responsiveness in addition to exploring the effect of financial austerity.

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1 The fiscal crisis, missed opportunities and risk of collateral damage The global fiscal crisis has had a fundamental impact on public sector reform in Europe, including opening up systems where reforms had been elusive for many decades, such as Greece and to a lesser extent Italy and Portugal. , 2013) highlights the diverse way in which states have sought to cope with the dramatic spending constraints that emerged after 2008. While the assessment only covers three Central and East European states, Estonia, Hungary and Slovenia, the findings highlight the fundamental impact austerity is having on civil and public service systems.

Yet, even the Northern European countries are believed to have only marginally dismantled the very core unity of the civil service. Contradictory even, recentralization initiatives are now underway to create so-called shared service centers in which technical HRM functions are organized. Furthermore, the management of the senior civil service remains under central influence or is actually centralized, as was the case in the Netherlands in the 1990s. In addition, decentralization processes as such do not actually guarantee greater flexibility and variety in personnel systems.

The fiscal crisis deeply affected most new member states (with the notable exception of Poland), with steep drops in GDP in particular in Latvia, Lithuania and Hungary, but also seriously affecting Croatia, all Western Balkan states, Bulgaria and Romania. , 2013). States outside the EU’s immediate sphere have been affected by the fiscal crisis to different degrees. While Ukraine has come close to economic collapse, Russia and most states in Central Asia saw stagnation, but not the deep reversal of economic development levels witnessed in Central and Eastern Europe.

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