By David Rothman
During this up to date re-creation, Rothman chronicles and examines incarceration of the felony, the deviant, and the based in U.S. society, with a spotlight on how and why those tools have continued and improved for over a century and a part, regardless of longstanding proof in their disasters and abuses. a brand new epilogue, "The Crime of Punishment," written for this Aldine paperback version, assesses felony stipulations in the USA over the last twenty years and the more moderen failed makes an attempt to reform them.
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Additional info for Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and Its Alternatives in Progressive America (New Lines in Criminology)
On the attack, they were cogent and precise; as naysayers they were brilliant. But as soon as they moved to their own programs, language and thought became much more general, abstract, and even muddled. They knew well what they did not like. But given the infancy of their own discipline, they had very little to offer that was innovative. Thus, the bulk of the recommendations that neurologists offered aimed to improve institutional conditions. To make asylums over into something other than houses of detention, Spitzka recommended banning the crib; reducing restraint “to the greatest possible minimum”; providing patients with employment; keeping fuller statistics; enlarging boards of trustees (with doctors and lawyers represented); expanding the power of commissions in lunacy (ideally composed of two doctors and one lawyer) ;and, of greatest significance, conducting systematic research into the physiology of insanity through regular autopsies (which should be made “compulsory by legal enactment” in asylum laboratories).
Percent a high school or college education. The great majority of inmates were men who held unskilled or at best semiskilled jobs; typically laborers, farmers, brakemen, barbers, saloon keepers, shoemakers, coachmen, miners, teamsters, and waiters. ’O Asylum inmates shared these same characteristics. In 1890, 40 percent of all those incarcerated in state mental institutions were foreign-born or the children of the foreign-born. In the industrial regions, of course, the percentage was still higher.
Q: You always see them spit water out, don’t you? COPING WITH EVIL 21 A: Not always. Q: When they don’t spit water out, is it because they are so far gone they can’t spit, isn’t it? A: I don’t know. Q: Did yod ever have to turn them over and let the water run out? 6 In the asylums for the insane, as in the prisons, the decline from the ambitions of the Jacksonian founders was dramatic. Once again, indifference and abuse were joined. Neglect was rampant-and how could it be otherwise when a handful of physicians had responsibility for hundreds, even thousands of patients?