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By Jeremy Richardson

Constructing a Policy-Making State? units out to check the methods during which Europeanization happens. Europeanization is outlined because the procedure during which the main judgements approximately public rules are steadily transferred to the eu point (or for brand spanking new coverage components, emerge on the ecu level). this is often not like definitions of Europeanization which concentrate on the adaption of member states to eu public rules. therefore, the focus is whether or not a ecu Union 'policy-making nation' is being created through adjustments within the distribution of strength among member states and the ecu point associations over the years. as well as numerous evaluate chapters (such as on time table surroundings within the EU), there are twelve sectoral reports which examine the differing trajectories and results of the Europeanization technique and the level to which the ecu Union could make 'authoritative allocations'. The case reports were chosen with the intention to illustrate the measure of cross-sectoral version within the strategy of Europeanization, from sectors that have but to determine greatly Europeanization, equivalent to well-being, to sectors comparable to pageant coverage that are nearly absolutely Europeanized. The publication is consciously multi-theoretic in its process, drawing on quite a number theories and ideas, from theories of eu integration, to theories of public coverage approaches.

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Procedures, and the expansion of European competences’ (Majone 2009: 2). A similar argument has been advanced by Schmid who is critical of what he sees as integration becoming its own aim (cited by Joerges and Ralli 2011: 3). His empirical focus is different to Majone’s, namely the relationship between private law and European integration, though the concern about excessive Europeanization (what he terms ‘instrumentalisation’) is the same. He argues that ‘ . . balancing the interests of the parties to a legal relationship in a fair and just way becomes superseded and displaced by the collective objectives of European integration.

Moreover, state involvement varies over time, from sector to sector, as 16 Supranational State Building in the EU evidenced by the wave of privatizations in many nation states. Areas of economic life hitherto central to the state are now in private (and subsequently foreign) hands as is evidenced by the chapter on EU steel policy in this volume (Dudley and Richardson). There is little doubt the past privatization wave will be followed by the privatization of some key aspects of social policy, as the economic crisis continues and governments suddenly discover the ‘benefits’ of the (privately funded) voluntary sector.

As Capano and Piattoni put it, the prevailing perception is that higher education policy is ‘ . . deeply rooted in 18 Supranational State Building in the EU national cultural and policy traditions’ (Capano and Piattoni 2011: 584). Space does not permit a full discussion of their analysis of the effects of the Lisbon agenda on higher education. However, their study illustrates nicely the seemingly inexorable process of Europeanization. They argue that: For a long time, higher education constituted a marginal issue in the process of European integration .

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