By Nadine M. Weidman
Developing medical Psychology is the 1st full-scale interpretation of the lifestyles and paintings of the key American neuropsychologist Karl Lashley. It units Lashley's examine on the center of 2 controversies that polarized the yank existence and human sciences within the first half the 20 th century. those involved the connection among "mind" and "brain" and the relative roles of "nature" and "nurture" in shaping habit and intelligence. The ebook explodes the parable of Lashley's neuropsychology as a fact-driven, "pure" technological know-how via arguing trust within the strength of heredity and a nativist and deeply conservative racial ideology proficient each element of his idea and perform.
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Additional resources for Constructing Scientific Psychology: Karl Lashley’s Mind-Brain Debates
The attempt at introspective analysis . . 19 Instead, James, Peirce, Dewey and other American philosopher-psychologists who called themselves "pragmatists" believed that consciousness should be considered not a static thing whose structure needed description, but an ongoing process, a function, whose purpose was the progressively greater adaptation of the organism to its environment. James believed that such a psychology could not 19 William James, "On Some Omissions of Introspective Psychology," Mind 9, no.
Reese, Lashley worked as Reese's assistant and proposed to Reese that he try to trace all the connections between the neurons of the frog's brain. "5 Doubtless there is truth in both of these images. , he had an abiding interest in the problems that occupied him in his maturity. Here I will take a fresh look at Lashley's early life and education, the beginnings of his interest in the problem of mind, brain, and behavior, and the roots of his hereditarianism, and will suggest some hitherto unseen continuities between his early career and his mature investigations.
But this leaves some important problems unresolved. Lashley never became a Watsonian behaviorist: soon after their collaboration began, Watson's and Lashley's views began to diverge, as Watson worked on conditioning reflexes and Lashley turned to the neurological basis of mind. By the mid 1920s, they were arguing with each other. How is this almost immediate and later complete divergence to be explained? How is it that Lashley, supposedly introduced to psychology by the founder of behaviorism, never became a true behaviorist?