Download Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-based by M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen PDF

By M. A. K. Halliday, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen

This article explores how humans construe adventure. this suggests event as a source, as a possible for figuring out, representing and performing on fact. it really is by way of this power that the details of way of life are interpreted: they make experience simply because they're instantiations of this power. the development of expertise is generally considered wisdom, having the shape of conceptual taxonomies, schemata, scripts etc. The authors provide an interpretation that's complementary to this, treating event no longer as understanding yet as which means; and accordingly as anything that's construed in language. In different phrases, the worry is with the construal of human adventure as a semantic method; and because language performs the principal function not just in storing and replacing event but additionally in construing it, language is taken because the interpretative base. the focal point of the publication is either theoretical and descriptive. the key descriptive part is an account of the main normal positive aspects of the ideational semantics of English, that is then exemplified in regular textual content varieties (recipes and climate forecasts).

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Extra info for Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-based Approach to Cognition (Open linguistics series)

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Since 'directed doing* is subsumed under (classified under) 'doing', it inherits the Actor role; and since 'spear* is subsumed under both 'directed doing' and 'doing', it inherits both the Actor and Goal roles. In addition, the possible class of filler is specified for each role as a value restriction. These are shown as pointers from the roles to other concepts in the subsumption hierarchy, in this case pointers to types of element. g. NIKL and LOOM. Any concept may be subsumed by more than one other concept, co-inheriting their properties.

Being raining, as in it seemed better to stay at home with it being raining), could have been predicted from a knowledge of the present state and recent history of the tense system. A change of this kind will propagate steadily throughout the system: sometimes very rapidly, but more often in an irregular and rather uneven flow. Let us refer to this process as that of codifying, noting that as always it is at once both semantic and lexicogrammatical: there is no implication that meanings are already there and waiting to be codified.

6). g. KRYPTON [Brachman, Pikes & Levesque, 1983], KL-ONE [Brachman & Schmolze, 1985], NIKL, LOOM [Brill, 1990]). In this connection, natural language can itself be thought of as a 'hybrid' system of representation; we have already noted its hybrid nature in the modes of realization of the different metafunctions. The list above could also be extended: thus it would be relevant to consider feature structures, typed feature structures, and fuzzy logic. The 'typed feature structure' system, which is widely used in NLP, is not so much an alternative to the systemic representation, but rather an additional representational level that could be inserted between the theoretically informed systemic representation and the lower level of program code (cf.

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