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By Alan Hunter, Jay Sexton

Modern China is a full of life account of China this present day which makes a speciality of the past due Nineteen Nineties. The Maoist period and the early Nineteen Eighties have been definitely formative, yet China now faces more than a few new concerns like unemployment, crime, and environmental toxins that call for

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The rebellion was defeated, but Mao regrouped his forces and gradually won control first of the Jinggang mountains and later of large parts part of Jiangxi province, winning the support of the poorer peasants by carrying out moderate land reforms. The Communists controlled much of Jiangxi until 1934 when Chiang Kaishek's forces, at the fifth attempt, drove them out. About 100000 Red Army troops then set off on a retreat of several thousand miles through remote parts of China; fewer than 10 per cent finally arrived in the northwest, where they eventually established their new capital in Yan'an.

The human cost will probably never be known accurately, but inferences from population statistics suggest that between 10 and 30 million people may have died from malnutrition-related illnesses between 1959 and 1961. At the time, the Chinese media were strictly controlled, and victims were prevented from moving out of famine-stricken areas; many Chinese discovered the extent of the tragedy only in the 1980s. Crisis in the Leadership The failure of the Great Leap Forward caused a profound crisis in the leadership of the CCP.

Prior to the Korean War, it seemed only a matter of time before Taiwan fell; after the war, the Americans did everything in their power to build up Taiwan as a military and economic counterweight to Beijing. They were also able to ensure that the government in Taiwan, still known as the Republic of China, retained China's seat at the UN, maintaining the international isolation of the People's Republic until the 1970s. First Five-year Plan and Socialization Although 'New Democracy', in theory, allowed for a relatively long period of substantial private ownership and economic activity, the remaining private firms were in fact taken into state or collective ownership by the mid-1950s.

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