By Eliezer Geisler
Do technological know-how and know-how create worth for society and the economic climate, and the way may perhaps one move approximately measuring it? How can we evaluation its merits? do we also be definite that there are advantages? Geisler argues that there are merits, and they outweigh in worth the unfavourable affects that necessarily accompany them. His innovative new booklet is going directly to exhibit that they could even be measured and evaluated, and in a single quantity the entire latest wisdom on the right way to do it's complied--then Geisler's personal tools are provided. the result's a compelling argument that the worth of technology and expertise in our lives has certainly been confident, and that the industrial healthiness of all contributors, corporations, and countries rests upon them.Geisler begins through describing his conceptual framework for the review of technological know-how and expertise and the influence and merits that continue from them. He discusses the character of overview in most cases phrases, after which within the particular context of technological know-how, know-how, and innovation jointly. He studies the kingdom of our current wisdom and assesses the character of worth construction itself. all through, Geisler is still mounted on his using thesis: even though there are definitely a few unfavourable affects from technological know-how and know-how, most likely the result of its outputs are confident. He indicates how they've got contributed to a variety of actions and associations, quite to the development of future health and human welfare around the globe. ultimately, after discussing the theories of evaluate, he will get all the way down to the perform, delivering readers with how to examine technological know-how and technological concepts for themselves.
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Additional info for Creating Value with Science and Technology
2 PUBLIC INVESTMENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY One can only marvel at the legendary laboratory of Los Alamos where the first atomic bomb was produced. But we readily forget the vast network of technology laboratories that are a national patrimony in the United States. This network is an array of over 700 different R&D/technology laboratories funded by the American taxpayers. Although other countries such as the United Kingdom, Russia, Japan, and Germany have national research centers in the areas of energy, defense, and health, the American federal laboratories are a unique phenomenon.
And J. , and M. Cetron, Probable Tommorrows: How Science and Technology Will Transform Our Lives in the Next Twenty Years (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997). 2. In 1998, for example, American industry invested $143 billion in R&D. Federal investments were $63 billion and universities and other not-forprofit organizations invested over $10 billion in R&D. 5 percent over 1998. The optimistic overall national S&T plan at that time called for an increase of 32 percent for the period 1999-2004. 3.
There are over 700 federal R&D/technology laboratories, and about 15,000 industrial laboratories. A simple count is somewhat deceiving, due to the trend in the 1990s, in which American companies began to internationalize their R&D. Essentially, many American companies "outsourced" their R&D to foreign countries and foreign companies—not always their own subsidiaries. See, for example, Bowker, R. Bowker, 1998). 2. , Science and Corporate Strategy: DuPont R&D, 1902-1980 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).