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Cosmides and Tooby (1992: 113) provide a list including a spatial relations module, a natural kinds module, a rigid objects mechanics module, and an Critical Discourse Analysis 21 effort allocation and recalibration module. These modules evolved in response to natural selection pressures and function to negotiate the physical world. However, primates also live in complex social structures. 9 Two social intelligence modules to have received comprehensive attention are theory of mind and social inference (Baron-Cohen 1995; Tomasello and Call 1997; Whiten 1991).

239). ). Inner worlds afford certain reasoning abilities, which often form the basis of anticipatory planning. Modal, conditional, counterfactual and analogical reasoning, for example, all require the formation of detached representations. Sperber (2000) argues for a domain-specific metarepresentation module which enables theory of mind. In particular, then, mental representations of mental representations allow individuals to recognise and react to intentional behaviour in others. Sperber states that: a metarepresentational, and more specifically a metapsychological ability, may be advantageous and may have evolved on its own ...

Most texts are made up of these symbols – words. Not only, then, are humans capable of modal, conditional, counterfactual and analogical reasoning but they are also capable of communicating about modal, conditional, counterfactual and analogical realities. Communication, which for humans is largely achieved through language, operates on a series of intentional and metarepresentational steps. In the first instance, text-producers have an intention to communicate a mental representation P and an intention for their audience to recognise that they have this intention.

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