By Cliff Goddard
Cross-linguistic semantics – investigating how languages package deal and convey meanings another way – is significant to the linguistic quest to appreciate the character of human language. This set of experiences explores and demonstrates cross-linguistic semantics as practised within the common semantic metalanguage (NSM) framework, originated through Anna Wierzbicka. the outlet chapters supply a state of the art review of the NSM version, suggest a number of theoretical concepts and improve a couple of unique analyses in reference to names and naming, clefts and different specificational sentences, and discourse anaphora. next chapters describe and examine diversified phenomena in ten languages from a number of households, geographical destinations, and cultural settings world wide. 3 colossal experiences rfile how the metalanguage of NSM semantic primes could be realised in languages of commonly differing kinds: Amharic (Ethiopia), Korean, and East Cree. each one constitutes a lexicogrammatical portrait in miniature of the language involved. different chapters probe themes comparable to inalienable ownership in Koromu (Papua New Guinea), epistemic verbs in Swedish, hyperpolysemy in Bunuba (Australia), the expression of "momentariness" in Berber, ethnogeometry in Makasai (East Timor), worth innovations in Russian, and “virtuous feelings” in eastern. This e-book could be important for linguists engaged on language description, lexical semantics, or the semantics of grammar, for complex scholars of linguistics, and for others drawn to language universals and language range.
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Additional info for Cross-Linguistic Semantics (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Wierzbicka 2006b) to be substitutable directly into [D]. NSM: The state of the art 21 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– [D] A partial explication for chairs: a. b. something of one kind CATEGORY there are things of this kind because people want this people want this because they want these things to be in places where people live PURPOSE people want them to be in these places because they want people to be able to sit [M] on them when they want to do something in these places for some time people want people to be able to sit [M] on them at times like these because they don’t want them to feel something bad in their bodies at these times Other bodily activity verbs such as ‘eat’ and ‘drink’ are also known to be prolific semantic molecules.
H]uman hands”, she argues, “mediate, to a large extent, between the world and the human mind”, because of the crucial role played by “handling” things and by touching things in an exploratory way with the hands. Equally, the hands are our principal “bodily instruments” for making things, for using NSM: The state of the art 25 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– things, and for doing things of many other kinds. It makes a lot of sense, therefore, that the concept of ‘hands’ is a foundational semantic molecule in so many human concepts.
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