Download Democratic Consolidation in East-Central Europe by Fritz Plasser PDF

By Fritz Plasser

This publication is an summary of the most theories on democratic transformation and consolidation. international locations lined are the Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia, with references to advancements in Russia and East Germany.

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Extra info for Democratic Consolidation in East-Central Europe

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A high level of party-system instability and a low level of organizational development by parties characterized the same period of time when Spanish democracy was being decisively consolidated. ). If we examine these alternatives more closely and try to establish a connection with our distinction between behavioral and attitudinal dimensions of consolidation, we discover two basically different paths towards consolidation. One possibility is that despite only rudimentary party structures, consolidation relies on the broad legitimacy of democracy, which in tum promotes democratic behavior.

Political and societal actors who refuse to accept elections as the only way to form a government must be neutralized, isolated or encouraged to participate in the political process according to the rules. The first step must naturally be to curb violence and mass mobilization with destabilizing intent as well as the blatantly obstructive politics of extremist parties, including, according to Liebert, violent political upheavals or strikes, coups d'etat and the boycotting of elections. Less patent, though no less destructive, are practices such as electoral fraud, corruption, infiltration of the bureaucracy and government, or large-scale flight of capital.

The "concertation regime", which connects organized interests or the population concerned with state or parastate institutions. The "clientelist regime that may or may not link specific established localities via political parties to specific state agencies" (Schmitter, 1988: 57). 38 Democratic Consolidation in East-Central Europe Constitutions can only shape these relationships to a limited extent. Constitutions are an "effort to establish a single, overarching set of 'metarules' that would render partial regimes coherent by assigning specific tasks to each and enforcing some hierarchical relation among them" (Schmitter, 1992: 47).

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