Download Detecting Lies and Deceit. Pitfalls and Opportunities by Aldert Vrij PDF

By Aldert Vrij

Why do humans lie? Do gender and character transformations impact how humans lie? How can lies be detected?

Detecting Lies and Deceit offers the main accomplished evaluation of deception up to now. This revised version presents an updated account of deception study and discusses the operating and efficacy of the main typical lie detection instruments, including:

  • Behaviour research Interview
  • Statement Validity Assessment
  • Reality Monitoring
  • Scientific content material Analysis
  • Several assorted polygraph tests
  • Voice pressure Analysis
  • Thermal Imaging
  • EEG-P300
  • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)

All 3 features of deception are lined: nonverbal cues, speech and written assertion research and (neuro)physiological responses. the most typical error in lie detection are mentioned and useful directions are supplied to aid execs enhance their lie detection skills.

Detecting Lies and Deceit is a must have source for college students, lecturers and execs in psychology, criminology, policing and legislation.

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Extra info for Detecting Lies and Deceit. Pitfalls and Opportunities

Example text

They perhaps do so reluctantly. They often feel uncomfortable while lying to their spouses (DePaulo & Kashy, 1998), but it is, in their view, the best option they have, given the circumstances (Boon & McLeod, 2001). Liars may well be correct in this assumption. Timothy Levine and his colleagues asked students to describe a recently recovered lie told by a romantic partner and their reactions upon discovery (Jang, Smith, & Levine, 2002; McCornack & Levine, 1990a,b). They found that almost 25% of the participants terminated their relationship after discovery of the lie.

1996), men and women tell different types of lies. , 2002). In DePaulo and Bell’s (1996) experiment, participants were asked to choose the two paintings they liked the most and the two paintings they liked the least from a selection of 19 paintings. After making their choice they wrote down what in particular they liked and disliked about each of the four paintings they had nominated. The participants were then informed that they would be meeting an art student with whom they would discuss their opinions about the four paintings.

However, sometimes the situation is different, and most people will come across situations where they really would like to know the truth. The viewer wants to know whether the politician is telling the truth when she denies any involvement in a bribery scandal; the general wants to know whether he can trust his opponent before he signs the truce agreement; the teacher wants to know which pupil played a trick upon him; the mother wants to know whether her daughter really has finished her homework; the possible purchaser wants to know whether the second-hand car is really as good as the salesperson suggests; the employer wants to know whether the candidate is indeed as capable as the candidate says; the customs officer wants to know whether the traveller really has nothing to declare; and the police detective wants to know whether the suspect’s alibi is reliable.

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