Download Dictionary of Youth Justice by Barry Goldson PDF

By Barry Goldson

This Dictionary explicitly addresses the historic, criminal, theoretical, organisational, coverage, perform, learn and evidential contexts during which 'modern' adolescence justice within the united kingdom and past is found. The entries hide a spectrum of theoretical orientations and conceptual views and have interaction explicitly with the major statutory provisions and coverage and perform imperatives inside of all the 3 united kingdom jurisdictions. This publication is a key source for these instructing and learning under-graduate and post-graduate classes in criminology, felony justice, sociology, social coverage, legislations, socio-legal experiences, group justice, social paintings, formative years and group paintings and police reviews, including policy-makers, managers and practitioners operating in the formative years justice sphere (including employees education officials, early life justice officials, social employees, probation officials, law enforcement officials, academics and schooling employees, wellbeing and fitness execs, formative years staff, drug and alcohol staff and juvenile safe property staff).The Dictionary of juvenile Justice: is designed to fulfill the wishes of researchers, policy-makers, managers, practitioners and scholars; starts off with an introductory bankruptcy that maps the main shifts in modern nationwide and overseas formative years justice platforms; comprises over three hundred alphabetically prepared entries - written through nearly a hundred specialists within the respective fields - that explicitly handle the middle parts of minor justice in England and Wales, Northern eire and Scotland; presents particularly adapted steered key texts and resources in admire of every access; is heavily cross-referenced and includes a unique index to help readers to make connections among and throughout entries; encompasses a distinct 'Directory of companies' that relate to early life justice in all the 3 united kingdom jurisdictions; is compiled and edited by means of one of many UK's best specialists in formative years justice.

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In the midtwentieth century, most approved schools were open institutions used as a non-custodial alterna- tive to Borstals, run on more welfarist principles. However, as a word of warning, it is worth noting that such ‘open’ institutions still suffered with many of the same problems as ‘closed’ prisons, including abuse and child death scandals. Neal Hazel Related entries Abolitionism; Children in custody; Curfew orders; Decarceration; Electronic monitoring; Fostering; Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programme (ISSP).

There are further distinctive features of the All Wales Youth Offending Strategy. The strategy is clearly embedded within ‘Extending entitlement’, and both these strategies are explicitly drawn from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. There is clear recognition that a range of social factors are often linked to offending behaviour by young people. Thus the response to young people who commit offences and to the more general prevention of offending by young people is based on the principle of ‘Children first’ – that is, the needs of young people and the social causes of offending are the primary targets of intervention; responding directly to the offence(s) committed is a secondary consideration.

The National Audit Office concurred with this strategy in its 2004 report on youth justice, arguing that increasing the credibility and effectiveness of high-tariff community sentences is the best way to reduce the numbers of children in prison. Since 2001, the primary high-tariff alternative to a prison sentence developed in England and Wales has been the Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programme (ISSP). The intensity of the supervision has been seen as a ‘positive punishment’, while the surveillance and restrictions on the offender’s movements have offered social control.

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