Download Diets and Dieting: A Cultural Encyclopedia by Sander L. Gilman PDF

By Sander L. Gilman

Diets and food plan have concerned―and occasionally obsessed―human societies for hundreds of years. The dieters' regime is set many stuff, between them the keep an eye on of weight and the physique, the politics of attractiveness, self-discipline or even self-harm, own and societal calls for for more desirable wellbeing and fitness, non secular concord with the universe, and moral codes of life. An A to Z encyclopedia, this leading edge reference paintings spans many classes and cultures because the acclaimed cultural and clinical historian Sander Gilman lays out the background of diets and weight loss program in a desirable sequence of articles.

This quantity is a reference device providing the historic, well known, and medical context for diets and weight-reduction plan from the traditional international to the current. The entries diversity from biography to massive survey essays, which hide the historic and cultural context in addition to the perform of weight-reduction plan. The entries are actually overseas in scope, and current the context for modern food plan tradition and big name in the longer old view and throughout cultures.

Sample entries include:



Robert Atkins

Bariatric surgical procedure




China Today

Fast Food

Fat Positive



Greek Medicine

John Harvey Kellogg

Medieval Diets

Paleolithic Diets



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Shor, Elizabeth Noble (2000) “Benedict, Francis Gano,” American National Biography Online. html&ip=68. 222&nocookie=0> (accessed March 6, 2007). Binge-Eating W ith the problems of obesity and disordered eating growing in the United States and around the world public health professionals have focused research efforts on identifying potential causes and treatments for these related problems. The most obvious advancement made by this work has been the introduction of a diagnostic category for binge-eating disorder (BED) in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-R).

She provided the first complex psychological theory of obesity—linking both developmental forces with the external world of the pathological family. A. in 1934, where, according to her own account, she was amazed at the huge number of fat, truly corpulent children, not only in the clinics but also on the street, in the subway and in the schools (Bruch 1957: 5). Her work on the “psychosomatic aspects of obesity” was funded by the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation; the results from this began to appear in the 1940s and were summarized in her 1973 book.

Harvey stressed that the new scientific advances in “physiology and animal chemistry” (1872: vi) have meant that one could treat obesity as a disease. Banting began his pamphlet with the argument that obesity was a “parasite affecting humanity” (Harvey 1872: 7). Suddenly, sufferer and physician saw it alone as the product of forces beyond the will. But Harvey agreed with Banting that until this stage of pathology is reached, “persons rarely become objects of attention; many have even congratulated themselves on their comely appearance, not seeking advice or a remedy for that which they did not consider an evil” (Harvey 1872: ix).

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