Download Early Chinese Work in Natural Science: A Re-examination of by Chen Cheng-Yih PDF

By Chen Cheng-Yih

This booklet re-examines the character of early chinese language paintings in typical technological know-how, at the foundation of unique documents research and artifacts came upon in fresh many years via archaeological explorations of China's past.

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Extra resources for Early Chinese Work in Natural Science: A Re-examination of the Physics of Motion, Acoustics, Astronomy and Scientific Thoughts

Example text

But such mathematization of physical concepts of motion did not begin until the time of Galileo and Newton in the seventeenth century. 28. An excellent discussion on Hu Shi's interpretation versus Maspero's interpretation on xiào 效 and tuï 推 is given by Needham (1956) on pp. 182 to 184 , vol. 2 of Science and Civilization in China. 1 agree with the interpretations of Needham in translating xiào as ‘model-thinking' and in accepting Hu Shi's interpretation of tuï as ‘induction\ 29. ]oseph Needham (1 956) , vo l.

It would probably be better not to translate the term at all. lf it is necessary , one probably may coin the term ‘lGology' to represent this branch of early science in Chinese civilization. 8. Based on papers ,‘ Bronze lntroduction ... XXX11l respectively , as evidenced by the extant writings devoted specifically to these topics , the physics of motion was certainly not identified nor was consciously pursued as a specific topic of learning in ancient times. Consequently, the organization of these materials in modern format has unavoidably introduced in them certain modern notions.

This statement leaves little doubt that the early Chinese were aware of the existence of an audible pitch , range. Bells were cast in accordance with specifications to preserve pitch standards. According to music master Zhδu Jiü 州鳩, the acoustic adviser to the High King Jlng 景, there were twelve pitches from antiquity preserved in bells. The names of these pitches are given in a discourse , that took place in -522 , again in connection with the king's decision to convert the Wú , Yì bell to the 0益, lín bell of lower pitch.

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