Download Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories by J.E. Roeckelein PDF

By J.E. Roeckelein

In trying to comprehend and clarify a variety of behaviour, occasions, and phenomena of their box, psychologists have built and enunciated an incredible variety of 'best guesses' or theories about the phenomenon in query. Such theories contain speculations and statements that diversity on a efficiency continuum from 'strong' to 'weak'. The time period concept, itself, has been conceived of in a variety of methods within the mental literature. within the current dictionary, the tactic of lumping jointly all of the a variety of conventional descriptive labels concerning psychologists 'best guesses' lower than the only descriptive time period thought has been followed. The descriptive labels of precept, legislation, concept, version, paradigm, impact, speculation and doctrine are connected to some of the entries, and all such descriptive labels are subsumed below the umbrella time period theory.The name of this dictionary emphasizes the time period idea (implying either robust and susceptible most sensible guesses) and is a manner of indication, total, the contents of this complete dictionary in a parsimonious and felicitous fashion.The dictionary will comprise nearly 2,000 phrases protecting the origination, improvement, and evolution of assorted mental strategies, in addition to the ancient definition, research, and criticisms of mental innovations. phrases and definitions are in English. *Contains over 2,000 phrases masking the origination, improvement and evolution of assorted mental concepts*Covers a large span of theories, from auditory, cognitive tactile and visible to humor and imagery*An crucial source for psychologists desiring a single-source speedy reference

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Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory. Vol. II. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. ALIASING/STROBOSCOPIC PHENOMENON. The American statistician John Wilder Tukey (1915-2000) described this distortion in an oscillating visual or auditory signal that results from inadequate high resolution when the signal is sampled at a frequency that is too low relative to the signal’s frequency. The eliasing or stroboscopic phenomenon is commonly seen in the “wagon wheel illusion” in movies where the wheels of a stagecoach, for example, appear to turn slowly in one direction, then slowly turn in the opposite direction as it picks up speed.

Following this relative refractory phase of firing, there is a gradual buildup of available energy where the stimulus threshold is decreased and the magnitude and speed of the impulse are increased. The American psychologist Charles Osgood (1916-1991) coined the term essential identity law, which is related to the physiological all-or-none law and refers to the fact that nerve impulses are all the same in kind. For example, impulses traveling in optic nerve fibers differ qualitatively in no way from impulses in cutaneous fibers, and activity in the visual areas of the cortex does not appear to differ qualitatively from activity in the somesthetic, or even in the motor, areas.

In The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 7. London: Hogarth Press. Freud, S. (1914). On narcissism: An introduction. In The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 14. London: Hogarth Press. Spitz, R. A. (1947). Anaclitic depression. In R. A. ), Psychoanalytic studies of the child. Vol. 2. New York: International Universities Press. ANAGOGIC THEORY. The anagogic (literally, “lifting up”) viewpoint is a psychoanalytic proposition exemplified in the analytical approach of the Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), whereby dreams, myths, and other symbolic representations are interpreted on the basis of their elevated or higher allegorical meaning and spiritual significance for the individual.

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