By Britta Stolterfoht, Sam Featherston
The psychological illustration of language can't be without delay saw yet has to be inferred and modelled from its results at moment hand. Linguists have normally replied to this in methods, both going for a reasonably data-light strategy and valuing theoretical creativity, or pursuing simply these pursuits for which facts is accessible and trusting to data-driven descriptive paintings. extra lately, advances in know-how and experimental innovations have made info collecting more uncomplicated and extra available, in order that a theoretically educated yet empirically established strategy is speedily growing to be in recognition. This synthesis allows linguists to mix the highbrow speculation new release of the theoreticians being able to convey difficult solutions of the empiricist. This quantity is a set of papers during this course, utilizing often scan the way to yield insights into syntactic and semantic buildings, language processing, and acquisition. Papers document corpus facts, neurological investigations, baby language reviews, and fieldwork from minority languages.
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Extra resources for Empirical Approaches to Linguistic Theory
0 36 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Distance Figure 2. Average over all categories (normalized by frequency) in MapTask. might be a result of cumulating activation: short distances trigger more short distances. 25). Task-oriented dialogue outranks conversational dialogue (Reitter et al. 2006b; Pickering & Garrod 2004). CCG annotation shows comparably little priming. Results by Reitter et al. (2006a) stated that it is signi¿cant, but that the difference is not. 3. 8 A single parameter Ȝ per category (or per corpus) suf¿ces, modeling the distribution of distances.
Psychological Bulletin, 134 (3): 427–459. Pickering, Martin & Simon Garrod 2004 Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2): 169–190. Potter, Mary C. & Linda Lombardi 1998 Syntactic priming in immediate recall of sentences. Journal of Memory and Language 38: 265–282. Reitter, David 2008 Context Effects in Language Production: Models of Syntactic Priming in Dialogue Corpora. D. thesis, University of Edinburgh. Reitter, David, Julia Hockenmaier & Frank Keller 2006a Priming effects in Combinatory Categorial Grammar.
If later on the latter condition is aborted, say, 80% of the time we cannot make anything of this because there would be no data to sensibly compare it to. In the following, we will therefore only analyze rejections and judgment times using inferential statistics up to the point where participants massively aborted the trials. For the rest of the sentence we will only report the descriptive statistics. 18 Oliver Bott & Fabian Schlotterbeck Figure 2. Cumulative rejection rates (SVO sentences) in Experiment 2.