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By Rosemary Crompton

Charges of employment among moms of youngsters have risen speedily in recent times. Attitudes to gender roles have replaced, and either employers and governments have needed to comply with new realities. yet a few argue that contemporary adjustments in employment family are making paintings extra relations 'unfriendly'. What are the true results of swap? Rosemary Crompton explores the origins and heritage of this radical shift within the gendered department of labour. issues lined contain the altering attitudes to gender roles and kin lifestyles, the gendered organisational context, and up to date adjustments in employment family and their impression on work-life articulation. A comparative research of england, France, Norway, Finland, the us and Portugal presents an evaluation of the various effect of country guidelines, and the altering family department of labour. Crompton attracts on unique study and situates her findings inside of modern theoretical and empirical debates.

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Additional resources for Employment and the Family: The Reconfiguration of Work and Family Life in Contemporary Societies

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Divorce was difficult and expensive, and from the outside at least, the conjugal male breadwinner family appeared as a stable and ‘natural’ phenomenon. The end of the Second World War was followed by the election of a reformist Labour government with a commitment to ‘one nation’ policies (Hudson and Williams 1995). , Eleanor Rathbone and the campaign for family allowances, Florence Nightingale’s work for public health, Beatrice Webb and Sylvia Pankhurst on women’s low wages), as well as with legislation that discriminated against women.

Note that Seccombe’s account has been critiqued by Szreter, who argues that fertility decline was not linear by class, but mediated by diverse local cultural and occupational contexts. For a discussion see Irwin (2003: 574). Caring and working 39 Into the twentieth century By the early decades of the twentieth century, official statistics in Britain recorded the rate of married women’s employment at under 10 per cent. This figure is likely to be an underestimate of the actual amount of paid labour undertaken by married women.

The ideology of domesticity as the ‘proper’ sphere of activity for women went beyond the gendered division of labour as such, as it also had a significant moral dimension. Williams (1991) has argued that ‘domesticity’ was the other side of the coin that acted as a counterweight to the growth of possessive individualism. Early liberalism had embodied a number of moral prescriptions relating to civic responsibilities, but by the nineteenth century such moral prescriptions had become less important and the individualistic pursuit of self-interest was increasingly celebrated.

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