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Fifteen cantons adhere to Energho, which assists them in their efforts to improve energy efficiency in public buildings. Just as many cantons practice energy accounting to record energy consumption in their own buildings. 2 million residences have individual metering of heating and hot water. Under the previous Energy Law this individual metering in new and existing buildings was obligatory for the whole country, whereas the 1998 Energy Law stipulates an obligation for new buildings only. The cantons are required to draw up corresponding provisions.

16. GEEA is a forum of representatives from European national energy agencies and government departments working with industry on voluntary information activities in the field of energy-efficient home electronics, office equipment and IT-equipment. 55 The cantons have made an effort to harmonise their legislation through the Conferences of Cantonal Energy Directors and Services, which have issued a model decree with ten modules on the efficient use of energy. The cantons have not fully incorporated the different modules into their legislation (see Table 8).

In this context, consideration might be given to whether a portion of the tax revenues (expected when the Swiss CO2 Law is fully implemented) is devoted to purchasing GHG emissions permits from the international market. Switzerland needs to develop programmes to implement the domestic instruments that allow the purchase of emissions offsets from project-based activities abroad, through both the Kyoto Protocol’s CDM and JI processes. The effort was initiated through the establishment of the Swiss Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) programme office, and the release, in late 2001, of a concept paper on the implementation of the Protocol’s flexible mechanisms.

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