By David Schlosberg
Within the first ever theoretical remedy of the environmental justice circulation, David Schlosberg demonstrates the advance of a brand new kind of "critical" pluralism, in either conception and perform. His well timed and complicated examine offers a problem to either traditional pluralist inspiration and the practices of the most important teams within the US environmental movement.
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Additional resources for Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism: The Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism
G. the criticisms of a culture of wasteful consumption, the gospel of unbridled economic growth, and the very notion of human-centeredness. Some environmental organizations and practices do, in fact, fall under the consumerist definition that Hays asserts—demands for better national parks and healthier food are part of a long-standing consumer tradition in the movement—but there is much more at work in the movement as a whole. 6 In addition to the focus on values to explain the motivations and varied actions of the environmental movement, other authors concentrate on the variety of political and social alienations faced by these actors.
Others may not intend such exclusions, yet the framing of their work leaves out much of empirical reality. Such is the case in many environmental histories and in many examinations of environmental motivations. My argument is that each of these studies may help to capture a portion of the movement; however, the idea of any singular model encompassing all of environmentalism is not only inaccurate, but also, in the end, undesirable and counterproductive. A recent study surveyed the citizens involved in protesting a proposed nuclear waste dump in their New York community.
Antagonisms exist in a variety of areas of everyday life and social movements are a response to these; but the environmental movement may be sparked particularly by the increased application of rationalization to the natural world, and the effects felt by that increase. Ecological activists, then, initiate a kind of 'reflective process' that can 'demystify, decode, and repossess' the products of this rationalization (Luke and White 1985: 49). The point here is that, beyond either values or political alienation, increasing modernization and rationalization leads to a variety of social alienations.