By Thompson S.
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Extra resources for Haskell: the art of functional programming
C. Two individuals that arrived late are students. 4 Proportional Determiners A determiner Det is said to be proportional when the truth conditions of Det A B depend on the relation between the cardinality of (A∩ B) and that of A. Many, most, 20% of, all are examples of proportional determiners. Such determiners are nonintersective: to verify whether a certain proportion of A is B, it is not enough to compare the elements of (A∩B) and those of B. One must also know the cardinality of A, the number of individuals that verify A.
The French data can be captured by assuming that (i) argument positions must host full DPs (universal constraint) and (ii) French does not have null Det’s. No 4 Note that this characterization of Number is compatible with the view that Number is not a functional category but rather a feature that attaches to another (functional or lexical) category (Bouchard 1998; Dobrovie-Sorin (to appear b)). Note also that Det does not necessarily subcategorize for Number (see Munn and Schmitt (1999) on BSs in Brazilian Portuguese).
Steedman’s proposal resembles the choice function analysis insofar as it assumes that indefinites are analyzed in situ. 2 The Representation of Indefinite DPs 17 In (31a), the indefinite in the object position is represented as a dependent Skolem term notated sk53(x), referring to the entity14 that is obtained by applying the constant Skolem function sk53 to each variable x bound by the universal quantifier. In other words, the individual referred to by somebody is not picked up randomly but instead its referent depends on the variable bound by the universal quantifier.