By Nick Riemer
Semantics is the learn of that means in language. This transparent and accomplished textbook is the main up to date creation to the topic on hand for undergraduate scholars. It not just equips scholars with the options they want on the way to comprehend the most facets of semantics, it additionally introduces the types of reasoning and argument which characterise the sector. It includes greater than two hundred routines and dialogue questions designed to check and deepen readers' figuring out. extra inclusive than different textbooks, it basically explains and contrasts various theoretical techniques, summarises present debates, and gives necessary feedback for extra studying. Examples are drawn either from significant international languages, equivalent to Mandarin chinese language, jap, Arabic, Spanish and English, and from minority ones. The booklet additionally highlights the connections among semantics and the broader learn of human language in psychology, anthropology, and linguistics itself.
Read Online or Download Introducing Semantics PDF
Similar semantics books
Utilizing a cognitive linguistics standpoint, this paintings presents the main finished, theoretical research of the semantics of English prepositions on hand. All English prepositions are initially coded as spatial kin among actual entities. whereas preserving their unique which means, prepositions have additionally constructed a wealthy set of non-spatial meanings.
Within the Dynamics of which means, Gennaro Chierchia tackles valuable matters in dynamic semantics and extends the final framework. bankruptcy 1 introduces the proposal of dynamic semantics and discusses intimately the phenomena which have been used to encourage it, reminiscent of "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification.
This article bargains a philosophical exam of the elemental conceptual framework of pragmatic thought, and contrasts this framework with specified descriptions of our daily practices of language use. whereas the consequences could be hugely suitable to pragmatics, the research isn't a contribution to pragmatic idea.
A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made via relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid conception indicates the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and chance of accomplishing a broader and extra practical concept of our realizing.
- Plural Logic
- Semantics in Acquisition
- Agreement Restrictions
- The Discourse of Italian Cinema and Beyond: Let Cinema Speak
Additional resources for Introducing Semantics
Not all languages have a word for ‘word’ Not all languages have a word corresponding to English ‘word’: Warlpiri, again, makes no distinction between ‘word’, ‘utterance’, ‘language’ and ‘story’, all of which are translated by the noun yimi. In Cup’ik (Yup’ik, Central Alaska), the word for ‘word’ also means ‘sayings, message’ and ‘Bible’ (Woodbury 2002: 81). Dhegihan (Siouan, North America) has a single word, íe, referring to words, sentences and messages (Rankin et al. 2002). 2 Sense/reference/denotation/connotation As we have already seen, the English word ‘meaning’ is rather vague.
The last apex of the triangle is the ‘referent’, or whatever things, events or situations in the world the language is about. Thus, the sentence the dogs bark, the caravan goes by has as its referent a particular situation: a situation in which certain dogs bark and a certain caravan goes by. Within that sentence, the expressions the dogs and the caravan also have referents: the actual dogs and caravan being spoken about. Note that someone who hears this sentence does not necessarily know what the exact referents of these nouns are; in the absence of any special knowledge about which dogs and caravans are being referred to, a hearer could only identify the dogs and caravan in question if the sentence was spoken when they were actually present (and even then they would have to assume that the hearer was talking about the dogs and caravan at hand, not some others).
Note that someone who hears this sentence does not necessarily know what the exact referents of these nouns are; in the absence of any special knowledge about which dogs and caravans are being referred to, a hearer could only identify the dogs and caravan in question if the sentence was spoken when they were actually present (and even then they would have to assume that the hearer was talking about the dogs and caravan at hand, not some others). This leads to the important point that we do not have any access to the world as it actually, objectively is.