By M.R.C. McDowell, John Patrick Coleman
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Additional resources for Introduction to the theory of ion-atom collisions
1, which is 10 times larger than in the previous pictures. As a consequence, the sum of the four intensities has to be one for any ﬁxed value β: Ik + Il + Io + Ip = 1. As can be seen from the ﬁgures, the quantities Ik (Io ) and Il (Ip ) have opposite phase if β takes values around the ﬁxed parameters k0 ∆i = 50 and k0 ∆m = 50, respectively. Finally, we consider the visibility in the k beam for σ 1 and α√= 0. β 1 = T (T + T + 2 T T )(T + Tc ± 2 Td Tc ). 19)). 05 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 β=k0(Ld−Lc) 90 100 Fig.
The interference pattern is observed by sending particles, one by one, through an interferometer. Many particles are then collected at the detector. In the simplest of such experiments, the light intensity can be dimmed down far enough, so that only one photon at a time is inside the interferometer. A single-photon interference experiment was performed by Grangier and co-workers . Here a Mach–Zehnder interferometer is employed to observe real single-photon interferences [14, 15], where the photon source is a parametric down-conversion source.
13. 31). The parameters of the ﬁrst interferometer (pathways d and c) are the same as in Fig. 2 0 −500 0 500 1000 1500 2000 (k0x) Fig. 14. 26). The parameters of the ﬁrst interferometer (pathways d and c) are the same as in Fig. 5. 2 0 −500 0 500 1000 1500 2000 (k0x) Fig. 15. 27). The parameters of the ﬁrst interferometer (pathways d and c) are the same as in Fig. 5 0 −500 0 500 1000 1500 2000 (k x) 0 Fig. 16. 26). The parameters of the ﬁrst interferometer (pathways d and c) are the same as in Fig.