By Walter J. Freeman (Auth.)
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Additional info for Mass Action in the Nervous System. Examination of the Neurophysiological Basis of Adaptive Behavior through the EEG
There is a set of neurons, called Renshaw cells, in the spinal cord located ventromedial to the m o t o r n e u r o n pool, which is excited by action potentials from motorneurons. The interneurons form a set designated K O R N , which is inferred to deliver inhibitory activity to m o t o r n e u r o n s (Fig. 3d). The output of each m o t o r n e u r o n delivers by this channel in hibitory activity mainly to m o t o r n e u r o n s other than itself. This is an example of parallel forward inhibition.
If either is excitatory and the other is inhibitory (Fig. lh), there is negative feedback. These simple topological conventions are essential for the study of b o t h networks of neural sets and networks of neurons. The description of the properties of neurons is also essential for both. The dynamic properties of networks of neurons, however, are quite different from those of networks of neural sets and need not be studied in preparation for the study of neural masses. 3. 1. A TOPOLOGICAL HIERARCHY OF INTERACTIVE SETS The brain as a tissue consists of a vast n u m b e r of neurons.
T h e olfactory receptors in t h e nasal mucosa form a n o n interactive set K O R , a n d their axons are sent t o the olfactory bulb in t h e primary olfactory nerve ( P O N ) . T h e terminals form excitatory synapses on the apical dendrites of mitral a n d tufted cells, which are excitatory t o each other a n d form a K I E set K I M . T h e basal dendrites of the mitral-tufted cells form reciprocal dendrodendritic synapses with granule cells in the bulb, which have n o axons, b u t which interact with each other, possibly through stellate cells, by mutual inhibition and form a K I E set K I G .