Download Neurological Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience (Issues by Mark D'Esposito PDF

By Mark D'Esposito

Despite dramatic advances in neuroimaging options, patient-based analyses of mind issues proceed to supply very important insights into the functioning of the traditional mind. Bridging the space among the paintings of neurologists learning scientific problems and neuroscientists learning the neural mechanisms underlying general cognition, this booklet reports classical neurobehavioral syndromes from either neurological and cognitive medical perspectives.The individuals are all working towards neurologists who additionally behavior cognitive neuroscience examine. every one bankruptcy starts with a case examine, describing the patient's signs and the cognitive tactics concerned. The medical descriptions are via ancient heritage at the neurobehavioral syndromes and dialogue of the tools used to comprehend the underlying neural mechanisms. of their makes an attempt to reconcile conflicting information derived from diverse methodologies, the various authors shed new gentle at the cognitive mechanisms they talk about. The syndromes contain forget, Balint's syndrome, amnesia, semantic dementia, topographical disorientation, obtained dyslexia, acalculia, transcortical motor aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, apraxia, and lateral prefrontal syndrome.

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Additional info for Neurological Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience (Issues in Clinical and Cognitive Neuropsychology)

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1993). Visuo-spatial neglect: A new copying test to assess perceptual parsing. Journal of Neurology, 240, 37–40. Marshall, J. , & Gotthelf, T. (1979). Sensory inattention in rats with 6-hydroxydopamine-induced degeneration of ascending dopaminergic neurons: Apomorphine-induced reversal of deficits. Experimental Neurology, 1986, 683–689. Marshall, R. , Lazar, R. , Krakauer, J. , & Sharma, R. (1998). Stimulus context in hemineglect. Brain, 121, 2003–2010. , Sereno, M. , Frank, L. , Buxton, R. , Dubowitz, D.

Heilman, K. , & Valenstein, E. (1972). Frontal lobe neglect in man. Neurology, 22, 660–664. Heilman, K. , & Valenstein, E. (1979). Mechanisms underlying hemispatial neglect. Annals of Neurology, 5, 166–170. Heilman, K. , & Van Den Abell, T. (1980). Right hemisphere dominance for attention: The mechanisms underlying hemispheric assymmetries of inattention (neglect). Neurology, 30, 327–330. Heilman, K. , Watson, R. , & Valenstein, E. (1994). Localization of lesions in neglect and related disorders.

Bálint used the term optic ataxia to distinguish it from the tabetic ataxia of neurosyphilis; tabetic ataxia is an inability to coordinate movements based on proprioceptive input, while optic ataxia describes an inability to coordinate movements based on visual input. , 1986; Tyler, 1968; Williams, 1970). In addition to noting the simultanagnosia and optic ataxia reported by Bálint, Holmes and Horax emphasized spatial disorientation as the cardinal feature of the syndrome. Holmes and Horax offered their case “for the record .

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