Download New Modes of Governance in Activation Policies - 2: by van Berkel, Rik (ed.); Borghi, Vando (ed.) PDF

By van Berkel, Rik (ed.); Borghi, Vando (ed.)

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Read or Download New Modes of Governance in Activation Policies - 2: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy - Issue 9 & 10, Volume 27 PDF

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Additional info for New Modes of Governance in Activation Policies - 2: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy - Issue 9 & 10, Volume 27

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Goetschy, J. ”, in Jepsen, M. and Serrano Pascual, A. (Eds), Unwrapping the European Social Model, Policy Press, Bristol. Handler, J. (2006), “Activation policies and the European social model”, in Jepsen, M. and Serrano Pascual, A. (Eds), Unwrapping the European Social Model, Policy Press, Bristol, pp. 93-123. Jacobsson, K. and Schmid, H. (2002), “Real integration or just formal adaptation? On the implementation of the National Action Plans for employment”, in de la Porte, C. and Pochet, P. (Eds), Building Social Europe through the Open Method of Co-ordination, PIE Peter Lang, Brussels, pp.

2002: p. 14). The conventional and contingent become natural and unquestionable, thus making socio-historical and political processes look as if they are governed by an unchanging and eternal nature[1]. Compared with naturalization, problematisation encompasses two issues. On the one hand, it involves highlighting the unfair and, therefore, unjustified nature (unlawful and, therefore, susceptible to review) of a certain social condition/situation. On the other, it involves the moral and political need to be combated.

In this situation, the proposals issued by the EU Commission reveal, to some extent, the rapport de forces among these different economic, social and scientific actors and the important role played by a number of influential lobbies. This is the frame of reference we can use to understand the political nature of the concepts proposed by EU institutions. As a result of this peculiar position adopted by EU institutions, as well as the continuous demand to achieve political compromise among civil-society groups, lobbies and pressure groups, as well as among European countries with differing political philosophy legacies, most of the concepts proposed by EU institutions are highly polysemic and ambiguous in nature (see the example of activation in Serrano Pascual (2004)).

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