Download Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 18 by Gordon H. Bower PDF

By Gordon H. Bower

This paintings deals details on fresh advances within the psychology of studying and motivation. one of the issues coated are the deriving of different types to accomplish ambitions, the appliance of type wisdom in unsupervised domain names and spatial psychological types.

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Extra info for Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 18

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We now apply the same argument to explicit episodic memory tasks. In tasks such as recognition memory, the subject is asked to judge prior occurrence. Any information that links the item to a specific prior episode is definitionally relevant for the task. ’’ If recognition memory is accomplished by a heuristic such as this, one that does not separate definitionally relevant from irrelevant information, then it is being accomplished in a way that is nonanalytic in the same sense that we used for the generalizing tasks.

The clarification study is focused on variations in the processing of the same stimulus due to task demands, a characteristic of recent memory research. The cups-bottles-glasses experiment, in keeping with the concept-learning literature, is primarily concerned with the basis of transfer to new stimuli. Yet they both demonstrate the importance of individual prior processing episodes for picture identification. This type of convergence reinforces our belief that the processing 22 Larry L. Jacoby and Lee R.

Both the rule tradition (Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin, 1956; Bourne, 1974) and the “fuzzy category” tradition (Rosch, 1978; Posner & Keele, 1968) often use training conditions that do not encourage reasonably well-integrated processing of training items: Many similar stimuli are presented for few trials per item, with little information unique to the individ- 24 Larry L. Jacoby and Lee R. Brooks ual items. Even when unique information is given, it often simply adds to the load already imposed by the original volume of categorical information.

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