By Ray S. Jackendoff
This e-book emphasizes the position of semantics as a bridge among the idea of language and the theories of alternative cognitive capacities akin to visible conception and motor keep an eye on. It develops the location that the examine of semantics of normal language is the learn of the constitution of inspiration, and that grammatical constitution bargains a way more vital resource of proof for the idea of cognition than is frequently meant through linguists, philosophers, psychologists, or desktop scientists.Ray Jackendoff is Professor of Linguistics and Chairman of the Linguistics and Cognitive technology application at Brandeis collage. His newest e-book, coauthored with Fred Lerdahl, is A Generative thought of Tonal tune (MIT Press paperback). Semantics and Cognition is incorporated within the sequence, present experiences in Linguistics.
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Extra resources for Semantics and Cognition (Current Studies in Linguistics)
Hence, variables too must correspond to a range of syntactic constructions richer than NPs alone. 5 concerning indefinite NPs. In order for the phrase "a glass" to be referential in "Floyd broke a glass," its first-order translation must include a variable bound by an existential quantifier, violating the syntactic integrity of the construction. We have now expanded the class of referential phrases; according to the Grammatical Constraint, this variety of referential phrases must lead to a corresponding proliferation of quantifiers in logical expressions.
Each of these is clearly inadequate as a logical translation, either because the first clause, based on the verb, is alone incomprehensible, or because the second clause, based on the preposition, is incomprehensible or means the wrong thing. 7c e) suffer from both defects. One might try to relieve this inadequacy in various ways. One might say that "put," for example, is a three-place predicate, taking a sentence as its third argument. 8). 7b), but it suffers from two problems. First, it presents a purely syntactic problem of accounting for when "be" appears and when it does not; if this problem is taken seriously and studied systematically, it proves surprisingly intractable.
Too many different enrichments of first-order logic have appeared in the literature for us to discuss them all here, but this section will focus on aspects that are basic to most alternative versions. First consider the treatment of individual constants. In common practice, individual constants are taken primarily as translations of proper nouns and indexical pronouns. For example, a pragmatic anaphor such as "that" in "I bought that [pointing] yesterday" would be translated as an individual constant whose reference is determined pragmatically.